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Textul monologic și textul dialogic din perspectiva analizei discursului


Author: Alexandru Cosmescu
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.01 - Romanian Language
Year:2013
Scientific adviser: Elena Constantinovici
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Institution: Institute of Philology, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Scientific council: DH 19-10.02.01
Institute of Philology, Academy of Sciences of Moldova

Status

The thesis was presented on the 27 December, 2012
Approved by NCAA on the 14 June, 2013

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.32 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

dialogue, monologue, text, discourse, discourse analysis, dialogicity, monologicity, macrostructures, microstructures

Summary

Keywords: dialogue, monologue, text, discourse, discourse analysis, dialogicity, monologicity, macrostructures, microstructures.

The field of study to which the present research pertains is philology, more specifically discourse analysis.

The fundamental purpose of the thesis is to identify and compare the characteristics of monologic and dialogic texts, with the means of discourse analysis.

The main objectives of the research are: the typologization and analysis of conceptions regarding dialogue and monologue in the works of different researchers; the identification of methods, included in the conceptual framework of discourse analysis, adequate for the analysis of dialogic and monologic texts; the identification of the main characteristics of the dialogic text; the identification of the main characteristics of the monologic text; a comparison of dialogic and monologic texts.

The main research problem of the thesis was treated with the means offered by discourse analysis: the main characteristic of the dialogic text was identified – the openness of each utterance towards a possible continuation, a response, which is actualized by at least two speakers. At the same time, the main characteristic of the monologic text is the contingent character of any response to it. Both types of text have as common characteristics the fact of being addressed and of functioning as a response to a previous text.

The results of this analysis allow the identification of macrostructural and microstructural aspects of dialogic and monologic text, for a more exact determination of their characteristics.

The research results were partially reflected in papers presented at various national and international conferences and colloquia, as well as in published monographs and research articles.