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The Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri) in the Political Process Context of the Republic of Moldova


Author: Putină Natalia
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Year:2013
Scientific adviser: Gheorghe Rusnac
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Scientific consultant: Valeriu Moşneaga
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University
Scientific council: DH 30-23.00.01
Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 21 December, 2012
Approved by NCAA on the 14 June, 2013

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.39 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia, political process, regional political process, territorial autonomy, ethno-political process, electoral process, ethnic minority, the Gagauz, ethnic politics, ethnic parties, regional parties, socio-political integration

Summary

Thesis structure: introduction, 4 chapters, conclusions and recommendations, bibliography (372 sources), 8 appendixes, 160 pages. The results of the research are published in 15 scientific works in Moldova, Romania and Ucraine.

Domain of study. The thesis includes a scientific research about Autonomous Territorial Unit of Gagauzia (Gagauz Yeri) and Gagauz ethnos, established in their territorial limits; the institutional and uninstitutional form of participation to the political process of Republic of Moldova.

The thesis aim and objectives. The thesis aims consist in the identification of ATU Gagauzia‟s manifestation model as a subject of Moldovan political process in correlation to the state and autonomy‟ general framework. The main objectives are: the determination of the place of ATU Gagauzia in the political domain or political sphere of Republic of Moldova; the evaluation of functionality regarding the autonomy system toward to the institutional construction of state by indentifying the trends and development issues; the analyze of behavioral features of ATU Gagauzia on the regional and national level of electoral process; the reflection upon the Gagauz political representation and their form of political activity; the description of the socio-political integration dynamic: the formulation of conclusions and recommendations.

The scientific originality derives from a new complex study regarding the research of the regional level of Moldovan political process having as a subject ATU Gagauzia, in the frame of post-soviet transformation, peculiar to the Moldovan area, toward the creation of institutional and legal design, as well as the administration politics of a multiethnic society. The scientific problem resolved consists in investigation of peculiarities and tendencies of ATU Gagauzia‟ evolution in the Moldovan political area, by a complex and systemic analizing.

Theoretical signification and applied value. This study represents the evaluation and comparative analyzing of the national and regional level regarding the political process influenced by the ethnic cleavage. This research is a theoretical and factual base for the university courses in domain of ethnic minority-state relations, interethnic relation, and management tools for multiethnic states.

Results of the research can be used by the decision factors from the Republic of Moldova, especially by the central public authorities and the autonomy authorities in order to make a constructive dialog regarding the optimization of the special status of autonomy, as well as the relationship between the national and regional political actors and the integration of ATU Gagauzia in the national political sphere.