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CNAA / Theses / 2012 / May /

Hygienic assessment of the environmental impact on rural population morbidity through osteoarthrosis".


Author: Ciobanu Elena
Degree:doctor of medicine
Speciality: 14.00.07 - Hygiene
Year:2012
Scientific adviser: Gheorghe Ostrofeţ
doctor habilitat, professor, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu"
Scientific consultant: Minodora Mazur
doctor habilitat, professor, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu"
Institution: State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu"
Scientific council: DH 50-14.00.07
State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu"

Status

The thesis was presented on the 16 May, 2012
Approved by NCAA on the 5 July, 2012

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.41 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

rural population, osteoarthrosis, water quality indices, risk factors, prevention

Summary

Structure of thesis: introduction, 5 chapters, conclusions, bibliography of 219 sources, 121 pages of the basic text, 26 tables, 23 figures and 29 annexes. The obtained results have been published in 17 scientific works (14 articles in national journals, 6 without co-authors). Key words: rural population, osteoarthrosis, water quality indices, risk factors, prevention.

The aim of the study: Hygiene. Research objective: Hygienic assessment of the impact of determinant factors in osteoarthrosis working out of preventive steps.

The objectives: to study and analyze in dynamic the rural population morbidity in Republic of Moldova through osteoarthrosis; to study the socio-demographic factors which are characteristic for patients with osteoarthrosis; of food specific features, to investigate the quality of drinking water from decentralized sources permanently used by patients with osteoarthrosis, of environmental and behavioral factors, to assess the chemical specific features of the patients and of the life quality; to determine and assess correlative interrelations between the morbidity through osteoarthrosis and quality and quantity indices of environmental factors; develop preventive measures of prevention by improving environmental conditions and prevent osteoarthrosis. Scientific novelty and originality consisted in launching of a complex study of ethiopathogenic chain in case of osteoarthrosis. Within a first analytical study, characteristic features of osteoarthrosis morbidity have been assessed as a whole and the influence of environmental factors, of the food and behavioral ones on its development.

Scientific problem solved in the thesis contains the hygienic assessment of the impact of determinant factors in osteoarthrosis and development a set of measures to prevent osteoarthritis.

The theoretical value. Main received results reflect a new approach to the study of the influence of environmental factors on the morbidity of the population. Were identified major theoretical aspects of the pathogenesis and clinical features of disease prevention. Were established side effects factors in the external environment and nutrition on mineral metabolism, that is manifested in the form of diseases of the articulary system.

The practical value of the study. Based on the results obtained, to develop a set of measures to prevent osteoarthritis. The scientific results are implemented in medical practice, in university and post university curricula and are included in methodic recommendations concerning the preventive method of osteoarthrosis, Chisinau, 2012.