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CNAA / Theses / 2009 / June /

The study of word combinations in Romanian

Author: Botnarciuc Vasile
Degree:doctor habilitat of philology
Speciality: 10.02.01 - Romanian Language
Scientific consultant: Ion Eţcu
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 26 June, 2009
Approved by NCAA on the 5 November, 2009


Adobe PDF document0.53 Mb / in romanian


Analyze, structural-semantic analyze, channel, category, classification, combining, combinative, compatibility, communication, cognition, denoted, derivatology, deter¬mined, determinative, transmitter, entity, sentence, epistemology, essence, extraglotic, extra linguistic, optional, information flux, frequency, gnoseology, Gnostic, word combination, lexeme, logo form, language, model, structural model, emic level, ethic level, nominative, nomination, notion, occurrence, obligatory, ontic, paradigmatic, paradigm, part of sentence, sentence, receptor, referent, sign, linguistic sign, significant, collocational, collocation, syntax, syntaxology, synthesis, system, systemic, word order, valence, variant, speech.


The thesis of habilitated doctor in philology with theme “The study of word combinations in Romanian” is dedicated to word combination’s problem in Romanian which is usually treated like nominative syntactic unities, non-predicative constituted of two independent relations. Beginning from this information it was aimed to check, first of all, if the word combinations are really unities of language and if it is in such way, which is their functional potential. In order to achieve this task we confronted to demands of scientific research and we divided the act of research in two stages: prereflexive and postreflexive. In the prereflexive stage, i.e. empirical, the syntactic unities we identified in oral and written language which are included into above definition, we have limited the word combinations from other unities of language. Because WCs are unlimited quantitatively, as a result of reflections we proceeded to gradually reducing of their content, of their no constitutive elements, nonessential for their semantic and structural integrity. We grouped the syntactical entities on the base of semantic, structural principle of homogeneous, and reduced them to minimum, sufficiently and obligatory in classes. These classes were examined from the point of view of their semantic organization, was established that these 15 classes of WCs are represented like achievements of some systems compared with respective classes of sentences, was established that, if we abstract the element with function of S and P, the relation of these two types of syntactic entities are identical, with one difference, one of them is actualized, dynamic, personalized, communicative, but the another one is non- personalized, syntactical, nominative.

We proceeded to obtain the essence of these classes, because the WCs’ classes are characterized as an infinite diversity which were fixed like phrase term and which is presented as total of syntactic functions established within each class.

As the result of comparative, structural, semantic analyze we focused on differences as well as similarities, between those 15 classes of researched WCs.

There were a lot of problems with purpose to make clear a range of main and fundamental aspects from our point of view, specific for syntactic phenomenon named with term WC. Due to this research we managed to strengthen more the base of traditional science which is called classic syntaxes.

In the given study we searched to prove the existence of more homogeneous WCs as individual entities, using varieties of methods each of them represents a real individual subsystems constituted of obligatory phrase elements and relations of interdependence, assuring the existence and functioning of each system.

The solution of this problem proved to be possible only as a result of conscious realizing the fact that success of research depends on how we can use the terms in order to obtain scientific reality.

From the multiple methods stipulated by general theory of cognition were used the analyze and synthesis, dichotomization (ontic/gnostic, concrete/abstract, phenomenon/ essence, particular/general, sensorial concrete/ relational abstract) including strict delimitation between empirical sintaxology and theoretical sintaxology.