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Language Policy and Planning: A Theoretical and Practical Approach (Aspects with a Focus on the Republic of Moldova and other states)


Author: Moldovanu Gheorghe
Degree:doctor habilitat of philology
Speciality: 10.02.19 - General Linguistics (with specification: Sociolinguistics, Psychological, Structural, Contrastive Typological, Mathematical, Computational Linguistics)
Year:2009
Scientific consultant: Anatol Ciobanu
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution:
Scientific council:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 31 October, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 22 January, 2009

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.74 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

actors of language policy and language planning, language switching (code-switching), language policy and language planning, sociolinguistic survey, language shift, bilingualism, language behavior, speach community, language competition, language conflict, language contact, diglossia, language spread, linguistic dirigism, language death, linguistic diversity, domain of language use, language rights, social equity, language policy and planning efficiency, endoglossia, exoglossia, ethnicity, language function, glottopolitics, ethnic identity, national identity, language insecurity, linguistic liberalism, classical language, dominant language, dominated language, global language, indigenous language, majority language, minority language, national language, official language, vehicular language, vernacular language, lingua franca (language of wider communication), language modernisation, societal multilingualism, a-modal nation, multi-modal nation, oligo-modal nation, uni-modal nation, language policy and language planning goals, pidgins and creoles, language planning, acquisition planning (language-in-education planning), corpus planning, prestige planning, status planning, plurilingualism, language policy, language policy and planning, language promotion, language purification, language reform, language regenesis, language revival, language change, language standardisation, variant (variety).

Summary

This paper is the first ample monographic study that undertakes a complex analysis of the language policy and planning with a special focus on the European East-Romanic area, actually named the Republic of Moldova. It aims to reveal the role and the paradigm of understanding the language policy and planning in the modern society, which is characterized by the synthesis, on the one hand, between the tendency to develop local peculiarities and, on the other hand, the aggressive assertion of civic nationalism at national level. This investigation is performed with a view to emphasizing ways to capitalize on the language social utility, pan-social language evolution at all levels being acknowledged by human experience that reflects a variety of methods to apply and promote the language as the main tool of communication, alias in language policy and planning.

The first part (chapters I–IV) establishes the theoretical and methodological foundations to enable a thorough comprehension of the language policy and planning as an academic discipline and a practical domain of human activity. It identifies and defines the language policy and planning as an integral part of national resources planning by incorporating the most important facets of this phenomenon, i.e. the political, linguistic, social, economic, and cultural dimensions. From this perspective, language policy and planning is viewed as an agent transformer of the society. This part tackles an integrated model of language policy and planning that encompasses not only status planning and corpus planning (the classical model), but also language acquisition planning and prestige planning. It allows redefining the conceptual and methodological framework and facilitates systematizing the objectives of language policy and planning.

The second part (chapters V–VII) looks at language policy and planning in the specific context of the territory, where the Republic of Moldova has been created. After reporting the strategies, goals and results of the language policy and planning that has been promoted by Tsarist and Soviet Authorities, this part examines the language policy and planning of the new democracy by placing actual complex and puzzling sociolinguistic situation in its historical context, which, even at present, gives rise to language and socio-political conflicts in the Republic of Moldova. The emphasis falls on the titular nation of the Republic of Moldova since it is to the Romanians alone amongst the inhabitants of the territory that the Russian and Soviet Governments have attempted through language policy and planning to give a distinct language and identity. This part offers strategies, methods, instruments and useful recommendations how to elaborate and implement an adequate language policy in the Republic of Moldova by applying the results of a sociolinguistic survey conducted within the framework of this investigation, which reveals the change of the sociolinguistic profile and the inversion of the scale of values in the Moldovan society.