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The retrospective and family evolution and birth rate of Gagauzian population in Moldova from the XIX century till the beginning of XXI century in the context of modern demographic tendencie


Author: Daradur Natalia
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.01 - History of Moldova (with specification of time period)
Year:2009
Scientific adviser: Stepanida Custreabova
doctor habilitat, professor, Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"
Institution:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 31 October, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 26 February, 2009

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.38 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.40 Mb / in russian

Keywords

Matrimonial/marriage market, nuptiality, age-gender structure of society, demography, demographic constitution of population, depopulation monogamy, population, nuclirization, census, fertility, birth rate, family, poulation aging,fertility age

Summary

The given work represents result of researches on dissertation theme. The purpose of work - to investigate a retrospective state and evolution of Gagauzian family and birth rate in Republic of Moldova; to define distinctive features of demographic arrangements of the given ethnos, the reasons of its transformation in a context of modern demographic tendencies and their consequences for social and economic stability of society. Various documents have served as a source of the investigation for the planned research problems, including archival materials, population data census, current archives data on the statistical account of some ATO Gagauzia settlements, results of special demographic surveys, demographic monitoring of the reproductive population which has been carried out by the author, monographic works, mass medea. The given work is based on the principles of objectivity and a historicism; the complex approach, statistical and mathematical methods evaluating the influence of natural and social factors on human population movement were applied.

The dissertation is a generalizing research in which for the first time the demographic state of Gagauzian ethnos is examined in a retrospective and evolution, in the context of modern demographic tendencies - against the background of demographic tendencies of developed countries of the world (first of all the Western Europe) and against the background of demographic situation in RМ. In this paper the demographic problems were more completely and more extensively investigated: dynamics of marriage and the birth rates of Gagauzian ethnos and their interconditionality; typology of Gagauzian families; quantity of children in Gagauzian families; age-sexual structure of Gagauzian population and a degree of its ageing. During the research, taking into account the results of sociological interrogation and survey, was made an attempt to predict demographic tendencies of Gagauzian population, and possible ways of demographic problems’ solutions are planned.

The dissertation proves that the family, birth rates and other demographic characteristics of Gagauzian ethnos evolve in the context of modern demographic tendencies, however, ethnic factors and ethnodemographic factors still have significant influence on these processes, forming at Gagauzian people a higher level of nuptiality and birth rate, more stable age-sexual structure of the population, distinguishing them among the other nationalities of Republic of Moldova.

The scientific - practical importance of the given research consists in new opportunities opening not only for special demographic researches, but also for investigating problems of longevity, gender issues of ethnic reproduction, ethnopsychology and studying of moral establishments, both in separate ethnic formations, and in the country as a whole, in a retrospective and under the conditions of transfoming societies. Studying the reasons of occuring changes in demographic processes, curring out constant supervision of them, will give an opportunity to predict their further evolution and accordingly, correctly adjust the demographic policy of the state.