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Social insurance in Romania in the context of integrating European structures

Author: Stegăroiu Valentin
Degree:doctor of economics
Speciality: 08.00.14 - World Economy; International Economic Relations
Scientific adviser: Nicolae Ţâu
doctor habilitat, professor, Free International University of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 25 November, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 22 January, 2009


Adobe PDF document2.58 Mb / in romanian


CZU 364.3 (S.82)

Adobe PDF document 6.02 Mb / in romanian
167 pages


ocial insurance; social welfare; welfare states; European social model; unemployment insurance; health insurance; pension system; financial payments; contributions; social assimilation; social dimension; pensioner; employer; pensions for performed work and age limits, for infirmity, for inheritors; alternative pensions; private pensions; accumulative pensions fund; social protection; economic growth; social security; coordination; harmonization


The thesis at hand aims at a theoretical and methodological study of the integration process of Romanian social insurance in the European structures. Through the analysis of the impact this process has had on the social insurance reform, actual recommendations have been put forward to align the Romanian legislation to that of the E.U. Likewise, some suggestions have been made for improving the communitarian context concerning the circulation of migrating workers in the communitarian space.

By estimating and evaluating the coordination mechanisms, the necessity of the Romanian social security system to interact with other similar systems within the E.U. has been established, thus proving the need to develop a new Romanian model of retirement by arguing the important role a more flexible scheme could play in our economy.

This paper examines the evolution, the forms and the means of integrating the social insurance system with that of the old member states of the communitarian space, the advantages and disadvantages, as well as the possibilities of applying the above mentioned in the national economy as a continuance of the Romanian social insurance reforms.

The influence international commerce has on SOCIAL INSURANCE plans has been studied and elaborated, by scientifically discussing the elaboration of our own SOCIAL INSURANCE policy, through the argumentation of a model that would satisfy the necessities of Romania, which are imposed by the particular process of integrating the Romanian social insurance systems in the communitarian mainframe.

The stage in which the Romanian social insurance reforms are found has been evaluated and the causes which have lead to certain faults in their implementation to the date of the integration have been identified along with the steps which are to be taken from this moment on.

According to the established goals, the thesis examines the phases of the elaboration and implementation of the Romanian social insurance integration strategy, while taking into account the impact the strategy will have on the rise of the income from the performance for the migrating workers. Only if a global strategy, adequate to the European integration, is pursued, will this phenomenon have a positive effect on the economic growth. Therefore, arguments in favor of applying coordination mechanisms within the social insurance systems and of developing adequate communitarian legislation have been produced. The thesis also highlights the characteristics of the European integration process and the solutions that simplify the retirement procedures.

The conclusions and recommendations that result from this particular research can be used by the ministries of resort in Romania to elaborate the strategies concerning the reforms in the state social insurance area. Moreover, the materials of this paper can also be used by managers in the social security institutions in order to improve specialists in the field of social security.