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Point of View in the Interwar Romanian Novel


Author: Potîng Tatiana
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.01 - Romanian Literature
Year:2009
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Burlacu
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Institution:
Scientific council:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 24 October, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 26 February, 2009

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.33 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 821.135.1.09 – 3 “19” (043.3)

Adobe PDF document 0.85 Mb / in romanian
145 pages


Keywords

Alterity, diegesis, discourse, polyphonic discourse, distance, focaliza-tion, narrative entity, introspection, extrospection, mimesis, modern, mod-ernism, reader, narrator, reliable narrator/unreliable narrator, omnipresent narrator, omniscient narrator, homodiegetic narration / heterodiegetic narra-tion, character, narrative perspective, internal perspective / external perspec-tive, point of view, fixed perspective, variable perspective, showing, doric novel, ionic novel, corinthian novel, showing, telling, narrative authorial type/narrative actorial type, diegetic universe, narrative voice

Summary

Abstract The research work Point of View in the Interwar Romanian Novel, aims at analyzing the impact of modernism upon the evolution of the interwar Romanian novel as well as the metamorphoses caused by the alteration of the point of view upon the narrative text from the modern narratological perspective along with the application of contemporary conceptions. The initial point of the research presents the analysis of the point of view notion and the contribution of the most important narratological schools to the defining of the fields of application. The research work permits to make a certain conclusion, that the modernization of the interwar Romanian novel meant the transition from heterodiegetic narration with the omniscient and omnipresent narration to homodiegetic narration. The latter narration, that limits the internal narrative perspective, was investigated from the fixed / variable point of view. If the reality is considered from the perspective only of one character, the point of view is considered to be fixed; the point of view is considered to be variable if the reality is presented from more than one character’s perspective. Fixed-point-of-view narratives are characterized through the phenomenon of the speaker’s centralization; however modern strategies of multiplication and superposition of different perspectives are applied in the variable-point-of-view novels. In the interwar Romanian prose, the novels of Max Blecher, Mircea Eliade, Anton Holban, employ the fixed point of view, with a single center of orientation – the narrator, an active participant or the witness of the events, which are subjectively interpreted. The novels Craii de Curtea-Veche, Concert din muzică de Bach, Patul lui Procust, present the othertype of novels, which employ the variable point of view. In such novels the narrator’s point of view tends to compete with a number of other, minor points of view.

The types of point of view (fixed or variable) chosen by the author defines most of the characteristic features of modern prose structure.