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Interest: criminological aspect of the problem

Author: Bejan Octavian
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.08 - Criminal Law (with specification: Criminal Law, Criminology, Criminal Procedure Law, Criminalistics, Judicial Expertise, Executional Law; Theory of The Operative - Investigation Activity)
Scientific adviser: Valeriu Bujor
doctor, associate professor (docent), Free International University of Moldova
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 27 March, 2009
Approved by NCAA on the 23 April, 2009


Adobe PDF document0.40 Mb / in romanian


CZU 343.9(043.2)

Adobe PDF document 1.05 Mb / in romanian
164 pages


interest, crime, criminal, criminality, criminology, necessity (need), behaviour (conduct), norm, State, society, sanction (punishment), motive


First of all, complex approach to the problem of interest in social and criminological aspect was realized by this thesis for a doctor’s degree. Previously, the problem of interest was traditionally studied in criminology within the frames of a mechanism of criminal behavior, i.e. in the psycho-criminological aspect, while social aspect remained unstudied. Thus, relation between interest and crime as a social phenomenon was subjected to a multilateral and profound research, the nature of this relationship was revealed and its detailed criminological characteristic was given.

Furthermore, thesis for a doctor’s degree considers the original philosophic and criminological definition of the interest concept, which had served as a legal and methodological basis for realization of supposed criminological studies. Own definitions (philosophic and sociological) of an interest were formulated as well.

On the basis of obtained scientific results, criminological category of an interest was elaborated and its methodological importance was revealed.

It should be noted that clearing of relationship between the phenomena of an interest and a crime made it possible to formulate some criminological laws usually called as a criminological law of interest. From the formulated criminological law a series of principles was derived for planning of social (political, economic, cultural, etc.) actions in conditions of criminological security, for elaboration of a program on crime prevention and for planning of anti-criminal actions.

Finally, perspective of an individual prevention was marked basing on knowledge of place and role of an interest within the frames of a mechanism of criminal behavior. This perspective allows to realize much more precise and efficient approach to a case (individual) of criminal behavior and thus carry out much more successful actions on its prevention or termination.