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CNAA / Theses / 2009 / June /

Communicative Sentence Structure in the Romanian Language

Author: Hîncu Iulia
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.01 - Romanian Language
Scientific adviser: Elena Constantinovici
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 26 June, 2009
Approved by NCAA on the 1 October, 2009


Adobe PDF document0.32 Mb / in romanian


sentence, structured sentence, non-structured sentence, context, situational context, correlation, identification criterion, factor, intonation, given information, new information, expression means, rheme, syntactical structure, communicative sentence structure, communicative purpose, communicative situation, theme, word-order.


The present work deals with the research study of communicative sentence structure in the Romanian language. The functional-pragmatic category of communicative sentence structure represents an aspect of communicative syntax and studies the sentence within certain communicative situations. This category is of a great importance for presenting the information within a sentence structured according to the concept from known to unknown, from given information to new information.

Among the debated aspects of this work there are: the essence of communicative sentence structure theory; the factors which define this kind of structure (context, communicative situation, communicative purpose); the functions of the communicative sentence structure; theme – rheme identification criteria. A particular role in this work is taken by the semantic, syntactic and pragmatic analysis of those two units distinguished within a communicative structure of the sentence and by describing their expression means (phonetic, syntactical, lexical, lexico-grammatical).

The undertaken analysis points out that a univocal communicative structure of a sentence can be possible when it is uttered in a concrete communicative situation and seen as a part of the text. Only in such circumstances one may clearly distinguish what is the given, known information and what is the new, unknown information in the structure of a sentence.

According to certain communicative structure criteria, a typology of sentences has also been established, the main distinguished ones being the structured sentences and non-structured sentences, which fulfil various communicative purposes.

The investigation of the language material shows that a sentence, which consists of the same lexical units and has the same grammatical structure, may have more variants than one, characterized by different modalities as to theme – rheme structure. These various communicative variants of the sentence constitute its paradigm. In its turn, each communicative variant of the sentence needs usually a certain contextual support.

The communicative structure is a phenomenon, which occurs both at the level of an isolated sentence, but also at the level of the informational structure of the text, representing another important aspect of this functional category. In terms of informational progression, the types of thematic progression and text organization have been analized in the present work as well.