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Dimensiunile implicitului în discursul politic


Author: Bahneanu Vitalina
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.10 - Journalism and Communication Sciences
Year:2010
Scientific adviser: Tatiana Spătaru
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Institute for Legal Research and Policy ASM
Institution: Moldova State University
Scientific council: DH 30-10.01.10
Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 16 April, 2010
Approved by NCAA on the 3 June, 2010

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.32 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

political discourse, implicit, coding, decoding, transmitter, receiver, presuppositions, supposed, connotation, inference, intertextuality, ambiguity, de-codification, the rules of a discourse, the maxims of communication actions, linguistic competence, pragmatic competence, logic competence, encyclopedic competence, context, slogan, rhetorical question, metaphor, allusion, irony.

Summary

The study treats various aspects of codification and de-codification of the implicit content in the political discourses. The thesis contains the introduction, three chapters, general conclusion and recommendations, the bibliography and 120 pages of text. The obtained results are published in 11 research articles.

The aim of the author was to reveal the pragmatic and semantic - linguistic aspect of the implicit constructions used in political discourses including its manifestation in the political sentence and text. The choice of the research methods was determined by the various and interdisciplinary character of the investigated subject. In order to achieve the purpose and objectives of the thesis there have been used many methods of quantitative and qualitative research. Thus the author used the systemic study as one of the methods of modern research cognition to recall the indissoluble correlation between the political discourse, political communication and political context. As qualitative methods there have been used the method of deduction and the one of induction in order to identify the inherent discursive phenomena of the implicit and to synthesize them into a general formula. There have been determined the principles of functionality, perceiving and the impact of implicit in the discourse due to the method of observation used on the empirical level. The necessity of using the quantitative-qualitative method to delimitate certain tendencies of implicit contents made the author use the following methods of functional research in communication as comparative analysis, cognitive analysis, contextual analysis of the political discourse.

The research novelty and originality is determined by the non frequent discussion of the problems connected with the dimensions of the implicit in political discourses in the research international communication space. A research vacuum is found in our Republic concerning this topic. In this context the present thesis is the first vast research of implicit constructions in a discourse and the effects created by them. It is the first paper in our Republic that puts special emphasis on a paradigm that is quite narrow in the science of discourse and has a great impact on the perceiving of political discourse by the audience. For the first time the implicit is represented as a cognitive structure of the literary meaning in the political discourse, fact that is opposed to the theses launched before about the additional aspect – not spoken – of the implicit constructions. The techniques of decoding the implicit by means of the logic and encyclopedic competence of the receiver are elucidated. The thesis highlights some aspects connected with the tendencies and the perspectives of the political discourses in a communicative society in the process of completion as in the case of the Republic of Moldova.

The application value of the thesis lies in the fact that the results of the study can be used at the university level courses such as “The Theory of Communication”, “Socio-linguistics”, “Political Communication”, The Sociology of Communication”, it can also be used at specialized courses meant for studying discursive techniques as, for example, “Electoral Debates”. Some compartments from the thesis can serve as a basis for specialists in public relations, who on the one hand must provide coded messages and on the other hand must be able to decode the received messages knowing the potential of the implicit as a technique to sensitize the public opinion.