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The Role of the Optional Courses in the Efficiency of the Teaching-Learning Process in the Pre-University Education

Author: Pufu Elena
Degree:doctor of pedagogics
Speciality: 13.00.02 - Theory and Methodology of Instruction (on disciplines)
Scientific adviser: Viorel Bocancea
doctor, associate professor (docent), Tiraspol State University
Scientific consultant: Eugen Gheorghiţă
doctor habilitat, professor, Tiraspol State University
Institution: Tiraspol State University
Scientific council: D 36-13.00.02-27.03.08
Tiraspol State University


The thesis was presented on the 27 April, 2010
Approved by NCAA on the 3 June, 2010


Adobe PDF document0.49 Mb / in romanian


curriculum reform in pre-university education, optional courses / School Decision Curriculum (SDC), the efficiency of the teaching-learning process, pedagogical model, lifelong learning, school improvement.


Thesis Structure: introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and practical recommendations, bibliography in 131 appointments, 4 annexes, 125 pages of basic text, 14 tables, 15 figures. The obtained results were published in 11 scientific works.

The field of study refers to the theory and methodology of training on subjects (Physics) and it pursues the substantiation goal on theoretical and methodological bases of an efficiency model for Physics teaching-learning through optional courses for the pre-university education.

The scientific novelty of the research lies in the teaching approach of optional subjects in the pre-university education, which, being implemented in the educational process, become an efficient means of training individualization/ pupil personality development within the subject of physics.

The originality of research is given by the development of a pedagogical model designed to the teaching-learning efficiency of Physics through optional courses for the pre-university education, conceived in terms of knowledge epistemology in the sciences of education.

The theoretical significance of the work is to synthesize the theoretical and epistemological highlights for the design and implementation of Physics optional courses in the pre-university education, mostly in modular form so that they be relevant and promote what is useful, appropriate, workable, beneficial and feasible, and the conceptualization of the educational process in these courses in terms of efficiency in Physics teaching-learning-assessment that has materialized in a pedagogical model which can be applied to develop optional courses in other subjects.

The practical significance of the thesis lies in designing the methodological highlights of Physics teaching-learning through the optional courses which make efficient the implementation of pedagogical model developed in the practice of the pre-university education as well as the design of two optional courses of Physics "The Lasers" and "Types of Theoretical and Practical Problems in Physics”, which offer ample opportunities to efficiency the study of Physics by pupils.