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CNAA / Theses / 2010 / July /

Hero and the Universe in the Prose of the 20th

Author: Cuşnir Jozefina
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.06 - World and Comparative Literature
Scientific adviser: Rita (decedat) Kleiman
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 1 July, 2010
Approved by NCAA on the 6 October, 2010


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heroic enthusiast, carnival buffoon, Universe, harmony, chronotop, arbor mundi, myth, grotesque body, trickster, carnivalisation, comic catharsis, allusion, reminiscence, metonymy, constant


The structure of the thesis: introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and rec-ommendations, bibliography including 344 names, 1 appendix, 149 pages of the basic text.

The results obtained are reflected in 12 scientific articles.

Area of research: interconnection between hero and the Universe in literary works which have issued from more than thirty writers’ pens and represent the world literature of the 20th century, in their comparative investigation. The main goal of the research is to investigate the interconnection between the charac-ter and the Universe, which descends from harmony, the interconnection represented variously in the 20th century’s fiction. Objectives of the research: to reveal the basic types of characters by means of which this interconnection is carried out; to find out its characteristic aspects and spe-cifically-carnivalised displays.

Scientific novelty and originality of the thesis, and its theoretical significance are de-termined by stating the research issues. The judgment of the interconnection between the charac-ter and the Universe, which descends from harmony, has not become a subject of monographic research yet; the judgment is carried out by the way of classifying characters, very different from each other, but united by their similar specificity of the interconnection with the Universe, as those belonging to the same type. Thanks to it for the first time the 20th century prose is systema-tized on the basis of this specificity; for the first time the Universe embodiments constantly cor-responding with the character are systematized on the material of this prose; for the first time the corresponding historical and literary numbers of the character-enthusiast and the character-carnival buffoon in their correlation with the Universe are built.

Application value of the thesis: it can be used in the university course lecturing (the 20th century literature, theory of literature), in elaborating special courses; it can be referred to in fur-ther research. Introduction of scientific results: they are used by ZAO Creative Studio (Chişinău) in their projects.