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International transport as a factor in the development of foreign trade

Author: Bârdan Veaceslav
Degree:doctor of economics
Speciality: 08.00.14 - World Economy; International Economic Relations
Scientific adviser: Petru Roşca
doctor habilitat, professor, Free International University of Moldova
Institution: Moldova State University
Scientific council: DH 34-08.00.14-18.09.08
Free International University of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 23 December, 2010
Approved by NCAA on the 24 February, 2011


Adobe PDF document0.47 Mb / in romanian


trade balance, foreign trade, transportation corridors, international economic relations, transport containers, transport, international multimodal transport


Sentence structure. The thesis consists of introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography with 171 titles, 38 annexes, 131 pages of basic text, 7 figures and 14 tables.

Number of author’s publications on this topic. On this thesis the author has published over 12 scientific articles, including two in magazines, in total volume of 34.28 sheets of copyright.

Field of study of this thesis is to study the relationship between foreign trade and international transport. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the role of one of the key factors determining the development of foreign trade - international transport - and how they participate in world trade with transportation services. For this purpose it was important to achieve the following objectives: techno-economic analysis of the features of all types of transport and analysis of the progress of the production process in transport; demonstrating the role of international transport in the Republic's foreign trade development, to determine solutions and effective work methods for the national transport, using international practice.

Scientific novelty and originality is shown by the analysis of the impact of transport on foreign trade, proposing a complex of actions to improve transport efficiency in international economic relations. The paper highlights the need to refine the legislative-normative framework of the republic and adopt a similar to the European Union transport policy, it emphasizes the need to establish priorities in development of transport infrastructure in the country and to connect national communications networks to those regional and international.

The theoretical significance is determined by an overview upon the international transporters practice in order to expand international trade volume and area in general and in particular in Republic of Moldova. It was established the transport's share in international trade of services, the way in which transport affects trade between countries and how it determines the whole international economic relations.

Applied value of this work is that it proposes ways of connecting the national transmission system to pan-European corridors, TRACECA and other such international initiatives by modernizing infrastructure and by using it for international transit, setting solutions for exploiting the advantage of geographical position of Moldova and transforming this into a geostrategic position which would cause local transport development and increase their effectiveness, identifying effective ways of transport activity by returning to a single transport system for both sides of the Nistru river, minimizing adverse environmental impacts by upgrading the transport fleet, using advanced transport technologies to streamline the work of different types of transport; spatial reorientation of preferences and trading partners and review of transport legislation etc.

Implementation of scientific results. Conclusions and recommendations made by the author have been submitted for examination to the Ministry of Transportation and Infrastructure Roads, Ministry of Economy and to the transport companies in the country.

The basic ideas of the thesis, as reflected in publications of the author, were discussed at national and international conferences and symposiums, used as teaching material applied to some university courses etc