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The Structure and the Semantics of the Prefixoid Neoformations in French

Author: Macari Aliona
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.05 - Romance Languages (with specification of language)
Scientific adviser: Eufrosinia Axenti
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 5 September, 2016
Approved by NCAA on the 6 October, 2016


Adobe PDF document0.86 Mb / in romanian


CZU 811.133.1’373(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 3.42 Mb / in romanian
251 pages


prefixoid, combining form, prefixoid neoformation, prefixation, neoclassical compounding, neoprefixoid, specialized language, general language


Thesis structure: Introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography consisting of 231 titles, 2 appendices, 153 pages of basic text, 9 figures and 9 tables. The results of the research are published in 15 scientific articles.

Domain of study: Romance philology (French language)

The main goal of the research consists in establishing the status and the structural-semantic peculiarities of the prefixoid neoformations in French. Objectives of the research: To achieve our goal, we pursued the following objectives: to establish the identification criteria of prefixoids, to specify the status of the prefixoid neoformations in relation with the derived words and the compounds, to determine the morphophonological, structural and semantic peculiarities of the prefixoid constructions, to confirm the vitality of the prefixoidal morphological process in specialized and general language.

Scientific novelty and originality: Our research is a first realization of a complex approach of the prefixoidal morphological process as a source of French lexicon renewal, a first attempt to describe the structural-semantic features of the prefixoid neoformations and to identify a new type of prefixoidal elements (the neoprefixoids) which, as opposed to the elements of Greek and Latin etymology, originate from French lexemes.

Important scientific problem solved consists in placing the prefixoid neoformations on the borderline between prefixation and compounding, as functionally, they approach the prefixed words, while semantically, they are closer to neoclassical compounds.

Theoretical significance and practical value of the research: Theoretically, the paper is valuable due to the analysis as well as the synthesis of the new concepts in modern linguistics regarding the prefixoids and the constructions comprising these elements. The practical value lies in the fact that the research could contribute to the elaboration of university courses of Bachelor’s and Master’s degree.

Scientific results implementation: The results of the investigation can be used in teaching academic courses of lexicology, terminology and semantics; furthermore they provide a basis for the elaboration of methodological materials, dictionaries of neologisms and lexicographical studies.