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CNAA / Theses / 2005 / June /

Verbele tranzitive în limba română


Author: Violeta Ungureanu
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.01 - Romanian Language
Year:2005
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Dîrul
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology of the ASM
Institution:
Scientific council:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 30 June, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 22 September, 2005

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.31 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 811.135.1’367.625(478)(043 2)

Adobe PDF document 1.22 Mb / in romanian
167 pages


Keywords

actant, active, actualization, accusative, agent / actor, argument, bivalent, classification, direct object, indirect object, dative, derivation, voice, lexic vocabulary, object, ontological, opposition, patient, passive, preposition, process, reflexive, thematic role, seme, semantics, sememe, syntaxe, syntagmatic, structure, subject, taxonomic, transfer, transitivity, trivalent, valence, verb, actions verbs, states verbs, relations verbs, intransitive verb, transitive verb

Summary

The dissertation is dedicated to the investigation of the transitive verbs in the Romanian language. The transitivity is one of the inherent characteristics of the verb and one of the actual research topics in the contemporary linguistics. The transitive verbs mean the processes implemented by an active subject orientated toward an object. From the semantic aspect the transitive verbs express a relation between two participants: the subject who initiates and accomplish the process, and the object which supports the effects of the process. That’s why, the transitivity, as the semantic and syntactical characteristic of the verb, has a double orientation and it’s dependent, on one hand of the semantic structure of the verb, and on the other hand of the syntax which is a mean of actualization of this category. In this dissertation it is developed idea of two types of transitivity: the semantic transitivity or functional and the syntactical transitivity or formal. The semantic transitivity means the transfer of the semantic subject action upon the object, and the syntactical transitivity means the capacity of the verb for the combination with a compliment direct.

Due to the specific of the verb transitivity we can distinguish two types of verbs: 1) transitive verbs and 2) pseudo transitive verbs. The transitive verbs include in their semantic structure the meaning of transfer of the subject action upon the object (to cut the wood, to wash the linen, to pick a flower). In case of these verbs the semantic transitivity corresponds with syntactic transitivity. The pseudo transitive verbs have a determinative in the complement place, although under semantic aspect they don’t express an action upon the object. These verbs are characterized only trough the syntactic transitivity.

This paper proposes some new investigative perspectives of this theme. For the first time for the classification of the transitive verbs it is used the principals proper of some different parameters such us: the ontological class, the thematic class, the actant class and taxonomic class. This gives us the opportunity to study this phenomenon under all of its essential aspects. For the first time it was praised the diversity of the thematic roles of the participants/ and the arguments which appear in front of the two actants of the bivalent structure of transitive verbs: the subject and direct object.