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CNAA / Theses / 2005 / June /

Criminological victimology: theoretical, methodological and applied problems

Author: Gheorghe Gladchi
Degree:doctor habilitat of law
Speciality: 12.00.08 - Criminal Law (with specification: Criminal Law, Criminology, Criminal Procedure Law, Criminalistics, Judicial Expertise, Executional Law; Theory of The Operative - Investigation Activity)


The thesis was presented on the 2 June, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 22 December, 2005


Adobe PDF document0.55 Mb / in romanian


victimology, criminological victimology, methodology of criminological victimology, the technique of victimological research, the crime victim, the injured, the classification, the typology, the ableness to begin a victim, the victimization, the structure of victimization, the victim’s vulnerability, the level of ableness to begin a victim, the victim person, the victimological situation, the victimal situation, the concrete situation of live, the mechanism of individual criminal behavior, the victim’s “guilty”, latent delinquency, the criminological prevention, the victimological prevention, the protection of victims, the rehabilitation of victims, compensation of harm caused to victims, the restitution, the compensation, the restorative justice, the mediation, the reconciliation


In dissertation are investigated in integrity the theoretical, methodological and legal bases of national criminological victimology and are worked out the concepts on victimization’s prevention and protection of crimes’ victims. Is defined notion of criminological victimology; analyzed and come true objects’ and systems’ elements of this discipline; specified the scientific status and determined the interaction between object and system of criminological victimology and objects and systems of penal law, penal procedural law, criminalistics, sociology, psychology and others. Are classified and analyzed the sources of victimology; is made a systemized research of development’s process of victimological thinking as an important scientific branch of criminology; are determined the problems and expectation of national criminological victimology. For the first time was worked out the methodology of victimological research, being cleared up the structure of theoretical-applied study in victimology, the program, methods and techniques of research, organization and liaison of investigations with practical activities. Are investigated and came true the notion of crime’s victim, ability to begin a victim, victimization, victimogene situation and victim’s “guilty”. For the first time was emphasized the regularities and specific features, established zones which differs by level of victimization, estimated “the black number” of delinquency in Republic of Moldova. Is researched the victim’s role in the mechanism of crime, being generalized and analyzed the results of concrete investigations made by author. Are worked out classifications and typologies of victims, victimogene situation, inclusive typical of some kinds of crime. Was investigated theoretical basis of victimological prevention of crime and specified the concept, system, objects, subjects, measures, forms, levels, features and the stages of achievement of this kind of prevention. Is worked up, for the first time, theoretical concept of victimological prevention by internal affaires’ bodies. Was investigated the concept of restorative justice, being determined the advantages of its implementation in our country; are established the typical features of procedure and expectation of mediation; was analyzed the institutions of reconciliation and release from criminal responsibility in cases of active repentance of the perpetrator form Penal code of Republic Moldova as a modalities of achievement of restorative justice’s concept; is investigated the national and international legislations and the practical activity of other states in field of victim’s protection, rehabilitation and compensation.

The work contains concrete recommendation on application of knowledge in practical activity of law bodies, advices to people on avoiding the danger situations, lex ferenda proposals. Was worked up the Law of Republic Moldova on protection of victims and prevention of victimization.