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Romanian Novel and Proust’s Narrative Mode

Author: Marin Postu
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.01 - Romanian Literature
Scientific adviser: Mihail Dolgan
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology


The thesis was presented on the 16 December, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 23 February, 2006


Adobe PDF document0.36 Mb / in romanian


allegorical, archetypal, authenticity, diegesis, narrative discourse, dispatching, I narrator, I narrated, focalization, imaginary, impressionism, invariant, metaphor, Modernism, narrative model, narrator, (homo)diegetical narrator, personal novel, reference, rereading, remodeling, semiotic narrative schemes, synchronization, writing act, typology


The doctor dissertation “Romanian Novel and Proust’s Narrative Model” is a complex research of the XXth century Romanian novel (RN) within the literary phenomenon called by E. Lovinescu “synchronization” with European literary values.

Dissertation is focused to research the most specifically treats (topoy) of Proustian narrative that are identified by the contemporary reader, within the structure and artistic sense of Romanian novel. According to theory of reference, there are analyzed “fictional worlds” stimulated by the RN in a new typology, based on axiological-chronological principles that includes: the allegorical, historical (as national product), social, and personal novel (influenced especially by Proustian novel).

The personal novel is a superior, modern form of RN, characterized by a variable focalization (moved by involuntary memory) on I-narrator and I-narratee, introspective sensation of time and space, mixture of diegesis with metadiegesis (sometimes poietics becomes poetics). The (homo)diegetical narration stimulates the reader to look deeply in his own and participate emphatically to the creation of fictional world proposed by the novel etc.

Modeling process is viewed from three concepts: the Propp-Bremond semiotic narrative schemes, the Agent/Patient hipotaxic modality of artistically becoming (vouloirsavoir- pouvoir écrire) or Barthes-Prus model, and the narrative discourse model, based on three narrative levels: histoire-récit-narration (G. Genette). Theoretical results are applied on analyzing some of RR by observing the scriptural dimension of main character, such as: Procust’s Bed (1933) by C. Petrescu, Ioana (1934) by A. Holban, and Alone with Love (1966) by A. Busuioc. Each novel presents, in different ways, the message: a masculine Narrator tries to understand himself and his love for a feminine character by “putting his soul upon the paper”. So, the written text becomes the single reliable mirror in an ongoing novel.

Romanian novel has become a modern one only by assimilating the Proust’s narrative model in an original, local manner, according to national imaginary. Axiologically, the personal novel is situated in a favorite position, between realist-traditional discourse and Postmodernist aesthetic.