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the universe of the childhood formed the reflection in the works of Charles Dickens, Ion Creangă and Mark Twain

Author: Elena Mărăscu
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.06 - World and Comparative Literature
Scientific adviser: Anatol Gavrilov
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology
Scientific consultant: Constantin Popovici
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Institution: Institute of Interethnical Researches of the ASM
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 20 December, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 26 January, 2006


Adobe PDF document0.29 Mb / in romanian


In this work we propose to realise a comparative study of the way how the universe of the childhood formed the reflection in the works of Charles Dickens, Ion Creangă and Mark Twain starting from the words of George Călinescu:

“To judge a literature only by its contents and only a part of it, is an aberration.” Childhood as initial step in the formation of the men is one of the eternal themes always permanently in knowing of the human being that manifests of this early age, one of the most fundamental anthological features in the most natural spontaneous forms full of eternal charm.

The words of the 3 writers offer a model of the childhood for experiences and the find out answers and the tools about the real world.

Nică’s, Huck’s or David’s way to real world is initial and the writers have chosen to show us at the age of the first discoveries of the inside-ego giving birth to some beloved pages of the universal childhood.

The main reason of the work is to show how is realized so-called “concept of universal childhood” that means an assembly, specific features of the childhood and to present another aspect, that of the influence of the social cultural society to psychology and behaviour of the child at the end of the XIXth century in different place of the world, in Moldavia, America and England.

The methodological and theoretical-scientific support of the work constituted by the studies of the comparative authors: G. Chesterton, G. Gissing, Ackroyd, Zoe-Dumitrescu Buşulenga, G. Călinescu, C. Munteanu, E. Tudora, W. Howells, I. Mathew, J. Macy, C. Popovici, Somolon Petru, Tudor Vianu theory of M. Bahtin about the interaction between author and character, the work of Jean Piaget about psychology and behaviour of the childhood.