StatusThe thesis was presented on the 12 May, 2006
Approved by NCAA on the 29 June, 2006
Abstract– 0.38 Mb / in romanian
2.06 Mb /
The object of the present research is eventives. The verbs with functional equivalets that have the structure V (to become)+N and indicate a modification of the subject that passes from a state ito another: to grow younger, to enrich, to mature, to bleach, to blush etc. More trials of the linguists to explain the phenomenon of eventives point out only their semantic specific feature being neglected the structural and syntactical aspects.
The eventive verbs according to our data from DEX and DLRLC are about 394 from the total number of the existed verbs in Romanian (A.Ciobanu).
During the evolution of Romanian the category of eventives was formed by the ways conversion, prefixation, suffixation.
Now the conversion of eventives is less productive what is confirmed by the fact that the verbs thus generated (171 from 394) have offen old steminherited from Latin or Slavonic but. The eventives verbs appeared recentlyare created wish suffix: -iza (to objectivize etc.).
A research of ways regarding eventives forming points out the possibilities of these verbs development and allows us “to forecast” their subsequent evolution.
The rules of wordbuilding also can be opposedin certain cases to the verbs forming when their building runs counter to the language tendency to economy, harmony and sonorousness (some limits can impose the phonetical, the combination with new suffixes). For example, the eventives formed from the stem: idea, earnest, dangerous etc. werw not created till nowadays. Because of meaning not all names that are used together with to become and can generate the verbs of state change.
As regards the postphrasal eventive the synthetic verbs formed from nouns are created rarelier because they render a transformation of an object (being) in another object (being). The restriction refer to the semantic aspect of eventives. It supposes that the subject obtains a state, feature usually expressed by an adjective. However if the essential element is a noun, then the transformandi meaning appears but not the deveniendi one. The theme of majority eventives includes the following categories: nature phenomen; human mind, feeling, brains: to render happy, to shame; appearance: to loosen, to pick up; society, state: to democratize; language; quantity; relation: to mix up, to harmonize; modality; time, religion etc.
The three criteria of verbs delimitation that constitute the object of our research are: semantic (deveniendi), structural (decomposition in equivalents having the structure V+N) and syntactical (fals purpose).
Thus the identification of eventives, semantical-syntactical category, refers to the relation between semantics and syntax. The distinctive features that were exposed have the purpose to demonstrate the proper and typical character of the verbs that change the state with functional-syntactical equivalents and prove earnestly their recognition as an peculiar category, sui genĕris, that presents interest for many areas of the language (morphology, syntax, wordbuilding, semantics, stilistics, history of the language).