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The early medieval civilization form the Prut-Dniester space (5th-13th centuries)

Author: Gheorghe Postică
Degree:doctor habilitat of history
Speciality: 07.00.06 - Archaeology
Scientific consultant: Ion Niculiţă
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 7 September, 2006
Approved by NCAA on the 26 October, 2006


Adobe PDF document0.49 Mb / in romanian


CZU 902/904 ”653” (398) (043.2) = 135.

Adobe PDF document 1.53 Mb / in romanian
413 pages


civilization, early medieval period, Prut-Dnieter space, geographic framework, archaeology, site, chronology, cartography, archaeological culture, Material culture, spiritual culture, habitat, settlement, unfortifi ed settlement, citadel, dwelling, demographic framework, autochthons, foreign, sedentary, nomad, migration, the Big Migration, continuity, discontinuity, ethnogenesis, Romanian ethnogenesis, ethnocultural, populations, Romanians, romanity, Iranians, Turanics, Huns, Kutrigurs, Utrigurs, Slavs, Sclavins, Ants, Avars, Bulgars, Hungarians, Pechenegs, Uzes, Cumans, Mongols, agriculture, handicraft, commerce, coin, monetary circulation, spirituality, religious beliefs, Christianity, paganism, funerary complex, church, cave monastery, sanctuary, necropolis, barrow, funerary rite, burials, inhumation, incineration, socialpolitical organization, military organization, territorial structures, village community, unions of village communities, country, Popular Romanias, political domination, Byzantium, Bulgarian Kingdom, Kiev Princedom, Halič-Volyn Princedom, Moldova Country


The Doctor Habilitat dissertation „The early medieval civilization form the Prut-Dniester space (5th-13th centuries)” represents a complex historic-archaeological investigation based on the fi eld researches from the last 65 years. The thesis approaches aspects of the material and spiritual culture, of the socio-political and military organization of the population living in the Prut-Dniester space between the 5th-13th centuries, and their relations with the migratory peoples and the neighboring countries.

The Introduction argued the actuality of the research topic, analised its degree of research, formulated the aim, determined the object of study, the objecties of research and the work hypothesis, established the geographic, chronologic and historical framework, refl ected the methodology of resesarch, appreciated the novelty and the practival value of the investigation, and the method of approval of the main results.

Chapter I The resources and Historiography determined the basis of historical resources and the analyzed the historiography of the research. The written (Byzantine, old Russian, Hungarian, occidental, oriental, epigraphic), archaeological and numismatic recourses were examined. The analysis of the historiography was done from the viewpoint of archaeological and historical interpretations.

Chapter II The demographic framework established the ethno-demographic picture of the Prut-Dniester space in the early medieval period. There was refl ected the historic data regarding the perpetuation of the autochthonous population of Romanic origin and the information regarding the foreign population (Huns, Slavs, Bulgars, Hungarians, Pechenegs, Uzes, Cumans, and Mongols) who inhabited this area during the migrations and dominated these lands for centuries.

Chapter III The habitat analyzed the sedentary settlements of the local population and the nomad living area in the Prut-Dniester space. On the basis of the cartographic and statistic-mathematical method we classifi ed, correlated and systematized the settlements of the sedentary population. We undertook their typological, chronological and territorial analysis. The index of the continuity of autochthonous’ population settlements was calculated for the 5th-7th, 8th-9th 10th-11th and 12th-13th centuries. We analyzed the fortresses and the fi rst urban type settlements from the given region.

Chapter IV The economy was dedicated to the characteristics of the main activities of the autochthonous population. The chapter presents the agriculture, the handicrafts, the auxiliary occupations, the commerce and the monetary circulation.

In Chapter V The spirituality was approached the issue of religious beliefs of the population from Prut-Dniester space. There are analyzed the Christian and pagan cult constructions, the necropolis and funerary practices, the cult objects and the signs of magical character.

In Chapter VI The social-political and military organization of the autochthons were reconstructed the forms of social-political and military organization of the autochthonous population. On the basis of archaeological data was described the early medieval village community from the investigated region and its evolution between the 5th-13th centuries. The cartographic method gave the possibility to highlight in this area 14 „massifs” of settlements. The majority of them have a perfect continuation during the whole early medieval period, representing actually autochthons social-political formations of „ţări”(countries) or the socalled „romanii populare” (popular Romanias) types.

Chapter VII The relations with the neighboring countries analyzed the relations between the population form the Prut-Dniester space with the neighboring political formations: The Byzantine Empire, the First Bulgarian Kingdom, Kievan Rus and Halič-Volyn Princedom. The evaluation of the documentary information revealed the lack of arguments regarding the Bulgarian or old Russian domination in the investigated region, signaling, in the same time, the presence on this territory of the military-political dominance of the nomad tribes from the steppe zone.

In Conclusion were formulated the main conclusions of the investigation: the early medieval civilization from the Prut-Dniester space was interpreted as being part of the Carpathian-Danubian old Romanian civilization massif.