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Late Cucuteni-Tripolye communities of the Prut-Dniester interfluve. Gordineşti cultural group


Author: SÎRBU Ghenadie
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.06 - Archaeology
Year:2019
Scientific adviser: Oleg Leviţki
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Institution: Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova

Status

Term of presenting of the thesis 27 September, 2019

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.54 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 902/904 (478) (043.2)

Adobe PDF document 16.00 Mb / in romanian
299 pages


Keywords

Prut-Dniester interfluve, Late Eneolithic, Cucuteni-Tripolye culture, Gordineşti cultural group, settlements, funerary rite, pottery, synchronizations, cultural interference

Summary

Thesis structure: Introduction, four chapters, conclusions and recommendations, 124 pages of the main text, bibliography (366 titles), two appendixes, five maps, five typological tables and 118 figures. Obtained results: are published in 10 scientific papers.

The aim of the thesis: systematization and synthesis of data for research regarding the Gordineşti group, which appeared in the Prut-Dniester forest-steppe in the Late Eneolithic. The study is based on the processing of the entire sampling of the archaeological material and its correlation with the simultaneous late Eneolithic groups (neighboring or from Central Europe), with which Gordineşti communities came into contact.

Objectives of the thesis: 1) analysis of historiography and the identification of unsolved problems; 2) distribution zone; 3) determination of the internal distribution of dwellings and pottery complexes; 4) developing typology for inventory; 5) definitions of the funeral rite; 6) search for analogies of Gordineşti vestiges; 7) highlighting chronological framework; 8) synchronization and highlighting the contacts with the neighboring communities.

Novelty and scientific originality: consists in determining the place occupied by the Gordineşti cultural group, both in the ensemble of the Late Eneolithic groups of Eastern Europe, and in those of the finale of the chalcolithic phase of Central Europe, which allowed, with some reservations, to clarify the origin and limits of chronological evolution of the development of this group. Obtained results: consist in determining the position of the Gordineşti cultural group in the Late Eneolithic communities of Eastern Europe and Late Chalcolithic from Central Europe, the characteristics of its origin and its chronological limits.

Theoretical significance: is determined by focusing on the identification and solution of a number of issues related to the cultural-historical situation in the Prut-Dniester region in the late 4th - early 3rd millennium BC, in a moment marked by the decline of Cucuteni-Tripolye cultural complex and the emergence of local variants influenced outside. The practical significance of the paper: The results of the study could be of help to specialists, who are interested in Late Eneolithic, neo-Eneolithic, Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age of Eastern Europe, as well as to students of the Archaeology and History specialties.

Implementation of the scientific results: The ideas and the main results of the study were tested at 20 national and international scientific conferences (Russian Federation, Ukraine, Romania, Poland and Germany), and were presented at public lectures at the Institute of Archeology, Rzeszow University from Poland.