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The problem of national specific in Viata romaneasca magazine(G. Ibraileanu and M. Ralea)

Author: Maria Zăpârţan
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.01 - Romanian Literature
Scientific adviser: Timotei Melnic
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 15 December, 2006
Approved by NCAA on the 19 April, 2007


Adobe PDF document0.33 Mb / in romanian


CZU 821.135.1.09„19” 043.3

Adobe PDF document 0.80 Mb / in romanian
165 pages


aesthetic, art, complete critique, concept, creator, critique, Disseminationism, doctrine, environment, ethnic, human-universalness, ideology, literature, morality, national, oratory, peasant, populism, race, realism, regionalism, review, science, specific character, universality, urban, work


Written in the form of an analytic study, the work titled The problem of national specific in Viata romaneasca magazine(G. Ibraileanu and M. Ralea), discusses, for the first time, within the same work, where G.Ibraileanu as well as M. Ralea stand regarding the national specific concept trying to underline what is common in their esthetic judgments regarding this problem, on one side, and on another, to determine the originality degree of M. Ralea’s position regarding national specific in comparison to G. Ibraileanu’s.

The work as well closely follows the evolution of the national specific concept in Romanian culture, focusing its interest on specially investigating this theory, promoted by G. Ibraileanu and M. Ralea in the pages of Viata romaneasca magazine.The magazine, during the whole of almost four decades, was based on the idea that a people can not justify the right to a distinct existence within the civilized peoples unless they can bring a contribution to the universal culture giving it a specific hint of «its genius». Starting from this programmatic idea of the magazine,G. Ibraileanu involved the national specific theory in a wider movement of bringing the people closer through the request for popular literature assimilation in order for this to condition the national artistic expression.

G. Ibraileanu’s national specific theory also contains valuable ideas about notions like literature’s universality and human-universal .The unquestionable merit of the critic lies in the fact that he gave the idea of national specific a normative character on what concerns the determined social involvement as well as a general esthetic coordinate.

On what concerns him, M. Ralea a disciple of G. Ibraileanu, has developed the national specific theory which he took from his bright fellow he followed and enriched it with psychological and sociological scientific terms. A special place in his research regarding this problem is occupied by «national style», which, to him, has the significance of specific reaction of the group regarding life and the world.

These two grand figures of words and culture, G. Ibraileanu and M. Ralea, have approached the creative structure of national specific in an analytic way and by its fundamental components, both of them revealing, with personal shades its complex structure and unity of meaning that it represents. Their efforts were not in vain as their ideas were continued in the work of writers that followed , emphasizing the national-universal-human connection.