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Cross-border organized crime in the Balkans: risks and threats to the security of the Republic of Moldova


Author: Cristea Gabriela
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.10 - International Public Law
Year:2021
Scientific adviser: Mihail Poalelungi
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent)
Institution: University of European Political and Economic Studies "Constantin Stere"

Status

The thesis was presented on the 20 January, 2021 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document2.09 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document2.20 Mb / in russian

Thesis

CZU 343.9(497):343.3(478)(043)

Adobe PDF document 12.00 Mb / in romanian
174 pages


Keywords

organized crime, national security, regional security, regional and international organizations, organized crime in the Balkans, illegal migration, terrorism, trafficking in human beings, the Transnistrian conflict, the National Security Strategy

Summary

Thesis structure: introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography consisting of 249 titles, 1 tabel, 2 fig., 142 pages of basic text. The research results were presented in 8 scientific papers published in collections and specialized journals in the Republic of Moldova and Russia.

The aim of the thesis is to conduct a large-scale and detailed scientific research on cross- border organized crime in the Balkans through the international legal framework, but also with the analysis of doctrinal papers in the field and existing practice to identify risks and threats to state security, ours, which emerges from the multiple forms of organized crime on the eastem- Mediterranean route, as well as for proposing concrete solutions in their eradication.

Research objectives: in-depth study of risks to national security, through the analysis of organized crime in the Balkan states; systematization and research of the activity of different regional and international organizations of which the Republic of Moldova is a part, and which are meant to combat the phenomenon of cross-border organized crime; research of the international normative framework that regulates different aspects of the phenomenon of organized crime; presentation of the Moldovan system for preventing and combating cross-border organized crime; identifying and analyzing EU support for enhancing the operational capabilities of the Balkan states; analysis and presentation of the evolution of regional security from the perspective of the Copenhagen School; elucidation and research of the border security of the Republic of Moldova; analysis of the importance of the National Security Strategy of the Republic of Moldova; elaboration of own conclusions and recommendations on the research topic.

Scientific novelty and originality: The scientific novelty of the paper stems from the attempt to develop a complex research on the phenomenon of cross-border organized crime in the Balkans, but also on its impact on national security. This issue is not studied and researched in detail in local legal doctrine, and the scientific issue of major importance addressed in the paper is to identify specific risks and threats to the security of the Republic of Moldova, which derives from the evolution of the Balkan crime. It should be noted that so far, the issue of cross-border organized crime in the Balkans has not been addressed in other doctoral theses.

The obtained results: lie in the elaboration of specific recommendations and relevant conclusions for the prevention of major threats to national security and for the elimination of risks that may arise in the context of the expansion of various forms of transnational organized crime in the Balkans.

Theoretical significance: The analysis of the information, but also the conclusions that emerged from the elaboration of this paper will bring a significant contribution in deepening the specialized materials in the field, both from a practical and theoretical point of view, and the obtained recommendations can be used to improve the legislative framework, for the creation of Action Plans and Strategies for their implementation, but also as a course support for law students or those from the Police Academy.

Practical value of the thesis: This paper can be used by civil servants in the field, researchers, specialists in related fields, students and master students, taking into account the in- depth analysis of an impressive number of legal rules, but also due to the constructive style in writing the doctoral thesis.

Implementation of the scientific results: Scientific results can be used in the legislative process; in the process of training employees in the legal field, in the process of research and documentation; in studies in the field of public international law, in the activity of employees in force structures, etc.