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Cognitive approach to metaphor in identity discourse (in German and Romanian)


Author: Prisecari Valentina
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.04 - Germanic Languages (with specification of language)
Year:2021
Scientific adviser: Ludmila Zbanţ
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 15 October, 2021 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.99 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document1.15 Mb / in english

Thesis

CZU 11.112.2'38'42+811.135.1'38'42(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 3.67 Mb / in romanian
216 pages


Keywords

conceptual, discursive, identity, creative metaphor, metaphorical expressions and structures, cognitive linguistics, metaphorical models, mapping, classification, frameworks, abstract concepts, CMT; identity, national identity; political discourse, discourse on identity

Summary

The thesis consists of an introduction, three chapters, conclusions and recommendations, bibliography - 159 tit les. The basic text of the thesis - 140 pages, 14 tables, 14 figures and 4 annexes. The results obtained in the thesis are published in 9 scientific papers.

Purpose of the paper: The analysis of the discursive structures, the way in which the metaphorical expressions mark and construct the national identity in the identity discourse in a certain space and in a certain period of time, by certain speakers.

The objectives of the research: to reconstruct the metaphorical images of the cultural and political social reality through the identity discourse (1989-2018), through images describing the historical events as crucial experiences or as "thresholds of the collective biography"; comparative research of the metaphorical way of thinking in German and Romanian society through the model of primordial and civic identity, of the "automatic and effortless" way of thinking within two different nations, highlighting the similarities and differences of metaphorical visions; reconstructing the metaphorical reflection of the German and Romanian national identity in the content of the identity discourse; identification of the universality and otherness of the metaphor in the two discursive corpora.

The novelty and the scientific originality: The paper is an interdisciplinary pioneering study, being among the first to address the metaphor-identity binomial, especially from a comparative perspective. The subject of the research is in a new direction, which began to be approached sporadically only after 2003, when the first papers focused on the topic given in the social sciences and then those in linguistics appeared.

The obtained results: From the analysis of the metaphorical expressions, two main models of identity resulted: the primordial (natural) identity model present in the German identity discourse and the (built) civic ident it y model from the ident ity discourse in romanian.

Theoretical significance and applicative value: The analysis model in the metaphor-identitydiscourse triad, developed in the present work, can be applied both in the analysis of nat ional and individual identities, in order to identify the cognitive patterns at the level of the latent meaning, independent of the speaker's intention. At the same time, the model can serve as a theoretical and practical basis for the investigation of national metaphorical identity, but also personal, in discourse through the same analysis parameters.

Implementation of scientific results: The model of discourse analysis based on the cognitive approach to metaphor is relevant for specialists in the field of linguistics, politics, psychology, history, etc., but also for anyone who wants to analyze or create a public discourse. The list of the discursive concepts of the national identity with which we operated in the thesis facilitates the production of speeches or can serve to create an application for automatic generation of public discourses with a diverse range of topics, based in particular on abstract concepts.