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The Rhetoric of Fiction and Authenticity of Detention Memoirs (Alexei Marinat)


Author: Melnic Svetlana
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.01 - Romanian Literature
Year:2021
Scientific adviser: Diana Vrabie
doctor, associate professor (docent)
Institution: Alecu Russo Balty State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 3 December, 2021 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.42 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.40 Mb / in english

Thesis

CZU 821.135.1(478).09(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 5.95 Mb / in romanian
211 pages


Keywords

fiction, authenticity, literariness, autobiographical literature, diary writing, memorialistic literature, memory, confession, experience, biographism, detention, exile, Gulag, carceral time, space of detention, concentration, narrative identity, author, narrator, character, reader, autobiographical pact, Alexei Marinat, witness, self, communism, repression

Summary

Structure of the thesis: Introduction, three chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography including 232 sources, 21 annexes, 152 pages of main text, declaration of assumption of responsibility, author’s CV.

The results of the thesis have been reflected in 11 scientific papers.

Field of study: Romanian Literature

The purpose of the thesis lies in creating a synthesis of Alexei Marinat’s detention memoirs in terms of the rhetoric of fiction and authenticity and proposing a theoretical-practical support for research on detention memoirs as creations of literary virtues.

The objectives of the research: systematization of theoretical contributions regarding the concepts of fiction and authenticity in detention memoirs; presentation of the Gulag experience and the communist regime of torture in the light of autobiographical study; defining the ontological status of the auctorial self in the detention memoirs; reconstruction of Alexei Marinat’s prison biography; identifying the authentic elements in writer’s memoirs by referring to the authentication of the chronotope, the testimonies of contemporary people and the official documents; the application of the narrative and biographical interview as a tool for evaluating the authenticity of the documentary information presented in Alexei Marinat’s memoirs; demonstrating the literary aspect of Alexei Marinat’s detention memoirs by identifying and analysing the artistic devices.

The scientific novelty and originality of the thesis resides in the realization, for the first time in the academic space of the Republic of Moldova, of an exhaustive analysis of Alexei Marinat’s detention memoirs through the prism of their aesthetic and literary value; the analysis of an original documentary illustrative material with reference to writer’s memoirs, combined with research in the field of psychology, literary theory, history, sociology, anthropology.

The scientific results obtained reside in creating an overview of Alexei Marinat’s detention memoirs and arguing their literary value, which serves as a reconsideration of writer’s memoir creation and its importance for understanding, analysing and interpreting the collective memory and the authorial self.

Theoretical and practical importance of the thesis consists in identifying and defining the main operational concepts and tools for analysing the detention memoirs in terms of documentary and literary value. The paper proposes an analysis of Alexei Marinat’s detention memoirs in the historical conditions that gave rise to the concepts of subject, self and author as sovereign and independent entities in an authentic text. Constituting a base of updated, defined and clarified terminological and methodological tools, the research will be useful to any scientific researcher, critic, literary historian, teacher, interested in the subject-matter of detention literature. The study opens up multiple directions and possibilities for inter- and trans-disciplinary research.

Implementation of scientific results. The main ideas of this research were presented at scientific conferences in the country and abroad, the research results being reflected in eleven articles published in national and international scientific journals.