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The Russia Legislation about the World Justice and its Manifestation in the Activity of Peace Courts in Bessarabia (in the late 1860s and in the1870s)

Author: Andrei Borşevski
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.03 - World History (with specification of time period)
Scientific consultant: Stepanida Custreabova
doctor habilitat, professor, Chisinau Pedagogical State University "Ion Creanga"
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 28 September, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 24 January, 2008


Adobe PDF document0.32 Mb / in romanian
Adobe PDF document0.36 Mb / in russian


CZU 94(100)(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 1.21 Mb / in russian
166 pages


court regulations, peace court, peace congress, local peace judge, honored peace judge, the Government senate, a Zemsk assembly, the civil judicial proceeding, the criminal judicial proceeding


The present paper is the result of the research on the topic of the thesis for a Ph.D. degree. The goal of the work is to define the degree of incarnation of the Russia judicial and procedural legislation on peace justice in the activity of peace courts in Bessarabia, the significance and consequences of the given aspect of the judicial reform for the population of the region. The sources for the solution of the outlined tasks for the research for a PhD degree were various documents including the archive documents, monograph researches, including the works of pre-revolutionary Russian and interwar Romanian authors (that have become rare books), modern scientific publications, the legislation and press, the part of which is included in the scientific circulation for the first time.

Reasoning from the purpose of research for a PhD degree, we have used the concrete historical and dialectical methods in the given work. In process of research the comparative and system approaches have been intensively used. The thesis is the summarizing research in which, on the wide empirical base, for the first time, the attempt of representing the activity of peace courts in Bessarabia as a system in the context of the legislation on the peace justice of the Russia Empire has been made. Also, the reasons and the objective and subjective factors of the appearance of the peace courts have been revealed in the research.

In the present thesis we have proved that the peace justice of Bessarabia despite the fact that it was based on the principles of the Court Regulations dated of the year 1864 had its own characteristic and distinctive features in comparison with the analogue bodies in the Russia Empire.

The scientific and practical significance of the given work is the enlargement of the theoretical base for the further understanding of the principles of the peace justice. The results of the research can be used in working out the curricula and in preparing manuals on history and law history, civil procedural and criminal procedural law. The conclusions made in the thesis can be used in starting research on the problems in history and the modern state of the judicial power.