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Cases functions and meaning, in roumanian language

Author: Vatamaniuc Aurel
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.01 - Romanian Language
Scientific adviser: Nicolae (decedat) Raevschi
doctor habilitat, associate professor (docent), Institute of Philology of the ASM
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 8 November, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 20 December, 2007


Adobe PDF document0.30 Mb / in romanian


CZU 811.1’366.54 (043.3)

Adobe PDF document 0.88 Mb / in romanian
158 pages


Syntax, semantics, function, value, deep and superficial cases, Case Grammar, local case, ablative, elative, absolutive, ergative, semantic subcategories


The study of this work are the cases relations in Romanian language. The significance and complexity of cases is that the topic touches multiple levels and sections of linguistics, such as morphology, syntax and semantics.

The complexity of the problem and the different results are explained by two common characteristics of the case system, syncretism and ambiguity, but those problems are solved, analyzing at the same time, and the functions and values of the cases.

In this work, despite deep and superficial cases, as well as various other terms of the Case Grammar, the case is shown as the deep meaning, the relation that the verb imposed its arguments, forms, which are semantic roles, and syntax order in which they appear on the surface structure .

In the paper, the case connections are revised and redefined.

In the new interpretation, the case is not only as a noun, but as the relation between the last and the verb.

A classification of cases relations is made in terms of semantic sub-groups of the verbs. Each case attitude, even the most abstract, are described solely in terms of localization, and direction, by the Case Grammar of John Anderson.

We specifically did not touch traditional terms of the cases, but their syntax and semantic functions derived from our study.