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Summary for doctoral dissertation on the topic: Jeweller’s art of Moldova


Author: Nicorici Liliana
Degree:doctor of history and Theory of Arts, Cultorology
Speciality: 17.00.04 - Visual Arts (with specification: Fine Art; Decorative Art; Applied Art)
Year:2008
Scientific adviser: Tudor Stăvilă
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Cultural Heritage, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Institution: Institute of Cultural Heritage, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Scientific council: D 22-17.00.04
Institute of Cultural Heritage, Academy of Sciences of Moldova

Status

The thesis was presented on the 5 December, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 24 January, 2008

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.37 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

the jeweller’s art, adornments, jewellery, ecclesiastical utensils, style, role, technology, guild, workshop, restoration, precious stones, cutting, approbation, estimation, gemmology

Summary

This work is devoted the research of jeweller’s art of Moldova in XIX-XX centuries. The main goal is to complete historiographical gap in this field and learn the history of jeweller’s art in the context of decorative-applied art of Moldova and also defining the role and place of National jewellery in European art.

At the dawn of civilization adornments were as talismans and amulets and were made of cockleshells and colored stones. The utilization of uncolored and transparent stones was begun in the Middle Ages. Those times the colored stones have become secondary ones.

Museum collections with historic and archival documents are right proof in the development of jeweller’s art of Moldova during all historical epochs. They are the basis for research of the jeweller’s role in socio-economical life of cities, development of workshops and craft guilds, participation of masters’ jewelery at the specialized exhibitions in the second half of XX century.

In this work the author performs comparative analysis of development of jeweller’s art of Moldova and neighboring countries. There is also the periodization, economic, sociocultural premises in the development of decorative-applied art in the present work.

Another aspect of this analysis is jewellery during different periods of time, geographic zones and national minority of Moldova, traditional national adornments, female costume with corresponding to accessories and ecclesiastical utensils. According to this plan author suggests to trace the development of design, meaning of color, forms of stones and items, the role of jewellery and festive adornments under consideration region.

This doctoral dissertation presents main dates of the development and role of ecclesiastical jeweller’s art, the function of church workshop and perspectives of further development in this field of activity. At the same time this work is the research of questions connected with the development of techniques and technology of manufacturing jewellery, preservation and restoration, assessment precious stones and items.

The results found by the author had permitted to open a versatility of changeable phenomenon. This gives an impact for further researches in this field and opens new perspectives for comparative analysis of jeweler’s art of Moldova in XIX-XX centuries.