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The Ways of Formation and Distribution of Disposable Population Income

Author: Munteanu Tatiana
Degree:doctor of economics
Speciality: 08.00.01 - Political Economy; Economic Doctrines
Scientific adviser: Andrei Cojuhari
doctor habilitat, professor, Technical University of Moldova


The thesis was presented on the 21 December, 2007
Approved by NCAA on the 24 January, 2008


Adobe PDF document1.31 Mb / in romanian


CZU 330.564.2

Adobe PDF document 1.54 Mb / in romanian
137 pages


disposable income, consumption expenditure, social protection payments, salary, living wage, redistribution, development, quintiles, living standard, poverty, welfare, social policy, tax policy


The main aim of the present paper is the theoretico-methodological study of the process of formation and distribution of disposable population income in the Republic of Moldova. As a result of the research there were elaborated recommendations for improving the process of income redistribution that will lead to the diminution of poverty and improvement of living standards.

The evolution of doctrines according to the income and income distribution in the society was examined. Also, the causes of inequality in income and fortune and the features of inequality and poverty in Republic of Moldova were studied. As the inequality in income is the main cause of inferior quintile of poverty, the methods of evaluation and the mechanisms of inequality reduction were also analyzed.

The stages of economic development of Republic of Moldova and its impact on the population welfare growth were emphasized. In order to make a complex analysis of the population income evolution the classification criteria of disposable population income were established. The evaluation of changes in the progress of population income and expenses gave us the possibility to emphasize the tendencies of inequality and poverty. According to the main aims the model of income circuit in the society was elaborated.

The present thesis emphasizes the role of income redistribution through direct taxes and it demonstrates that fair income redistribution can be obtained in the society through a well-balanced fiscal policy, which will lead to the diminution of differences in population income from the inferior and superior quintiles.

Once the correct redistribution of social service in a modern society is the key problem that gives the possibility to maintain an equilibrium among different social layers of the population, the improvement of social policy through the implementation of the Unique Demand of Social Protection (UDSP) it was suggested.

The conclusions and recommendations resulted from respective analysis can be used by the ministries of the Republic of Moldova for the elaborations of National Programs and Strategies of economic growth and poverty diminution in the country. The present paper can be also used for the university courses at the following subjects: Economic Theory, Microeconomics and Macroeconomics.