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Regional Peculiarities of the Traditional Spiritual Culture of the Gagauzians


Author: Elizaveta Cvilincova
Degree:doctor habilitat of history
Speciality: 07.00.01 - History of Moldova (with specification of time period)
Year:2008
Scientific consultant: Vasilii Sacovici
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of History, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Institution:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 14 March, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 18 September, 2008

Abstract

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Adobe PDF document0.61 Mb / in russian

Keywords

Gagauzians of th Republic of Moldova and Bulgaria, regional peculiarities, Gagauzian popular calendar, Christian-heathen syncretism, religious identity, calendar rites, terms of relationship, folk songs, ethnocultural parallels, mechanism of conservation of popular traditions, common law, socionormative culture, Balkans-Danube region

Summary

The thesis is aimed to study ethnoregional peculiarities of the traditional spiritual culture of the Gagauzians for the determination of a steadiness of the ethnical tradition on the example of the two groups of the Gagauzians (from Moldova and Bulgaria), one of which as a result of a migration turned to be in another natural, social and ethnic environments. The object of the study is the traditional spiritual culture of the Gagauzians and the processes proceeded in this field and contributed to the appearance of regional peculiarities of the Gagauzians from Moldova and Bulgaria.

The methodological basis of the study is the whole complex of the scientific principles of the research of a traditional spiritual culture and the mechanism of conservation of its basic kernel, by means of a revealing of the common basis and regional peculiarities appeared as a result of a migration of a part of the ethnos and his living in an alien ethnical environment as well as in consequence of changes in the social-economic field. In the process of work there were widely used the comparative-historical, typological, and dialectical methods as well as structural-functional and interdisciplinary approaches.

The thesis is a generalizing research that on the basis of rich sources for the first time makes a complex study of the traditional spiritual culture of the Gagauzians in the historical and ethnographical aspect (in the temporal and spatial context). It introduces into scientific practice new field and archive material concerned the traditional spiritual culture of the Gagauzians. For the first time a research on the traditional spiritual culture of the Gagauzians is carried out on the basis of the regional approach (regionalism) that is widely practiced in science. In the course of the scientific investigations there were found out and analyzed the regional peculiarities characteristic for the two groups of the Gagauzians (from Moldova and Bulgaria) appeared as a result of historical processes and interethnic contacts. In the given work the author for the first time makes an attempt to research the traditional spiritual culture in the light of three forms of identity of the Gagauzians: ethnical, confessional, and so-called social-conditional ones.

The work studies, systematizes and generalizes the wide range of sources: field materials, archive documents, normative acts, the Bessarabian press, and song folklore.

The thesis contains conclusions and recommendations for the government of the Autonomous Territorial Unit “Gagauz Yeri” and the Republic of Moldova concerned the elaboration of strategy in the field of culture and the harmonious development of the society.