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Functional-semantic dimensions of the future tense in French

Author: Rodica Maţcan
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.02.05 - Romance Languages (with specification of language)
Scientific adviser: Zinovia Zubcu
doctor, associate professor (docent)
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 14 March, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 17 April, 2008


Adobe PDF document0.29 Mb / in romanian


CZU 811.133.1’366.584:81’37

Adobe PDF document 0.82 Mb / in romanian
167 pages


Actionsart, aspect, aspectuality, deictic, deixis, performative enunciations, mode, methods of enunciation, method (~ declarativ, ~ interrogative, ~ exclamatory, ~ imperativ), methods of enunciation (certain, eventual, obligatory, possible, necessary), logical methods (~ aletic, ~ epistemic, ~ deontic), modulator, functional-semantic category, temporality, time (~ chronological, ~ chronic, ~ linguistic), programmed / unprogrammed futur


The research subject of doctor’s thesis constitutes the problem of functional periculiarities of the future temporal forms in the contemporary French, of the methods of linguistic manifestation of this functional-semantic category. In this meaning in the work are examined the means, which the language puts at the speaker’s disposal for explaining the notion’s content of the future tense.

The work approaches in a complex way the future temporal forms through the prism of three enuntiation categories: tempotality, modality and aspectuality. I tis emphasised the role of the speaking subject in the future forms performance, which the Enunciation theory puts in the discussions’ centre about language.

The transcategorial study applied in the work demonstrates that each of the three linguistic categories (tempotality, modality and aspectuality) exercites an impact on the others.

The work points out the effectiveness of the date duse (the programmed future) and dateless (the unprogrammed future) of the future temporal forms.

The aspect structure of future forms, contrary to those supported in some linguistic works, proves that in French the aspect category functions as through the opposition simple forms / compound forms, as well as through the presence of contextual factors.

A special place in the work is destinated to the study of the future modal values. The first part of the analysis is organized all around the enunciator’s attitudes in relation with his speaker, that is around the enouncement methods, then follows the study of the way in which the enunciator appreciates the enunciation’s content or the methods of enunciation and their functioning in the future tense.