StatusThe thesis was presented on the 21 March, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 18 September, 2008
Abstract– 0.30 Mb / in romanian
ThesisCZU 343.147:623.4 (043,2) 135. P.72 5.29 Mb / in romanian
Therefore the judicial body’s opinion on the events, which determines the establishment of the correct solution, depends on the correct and complete progress of the judicial investigation of the evidence, on the value of the analyzed evidence and on the correct interpretation of the evidence in accordance with the existing laws. Moreover, the same elements determine the legality of the judicial decision and of the other solutions offered by the judicial bodies.
Activities and legal operations, especially the means but also the procedures of judicial investigation of the evidence (particularly the investigation of the crime scene), are necessary in order to obtain and to evaluate evidence in a penal case. The investigation of the crime scene has a special importance because it opens the way to the certain or doubtful information, to the main or secondary one, to the complete or partial one. It also helps to discover the traces of the penal offense which are fixed and removed for further examination in laboratories by specialists and experts, thus establishing if the crime exists or not. The same investigation of the crime scene leads to the determination of the case object, of the degree of guilt and of each party’s involvement in the respective deed.
We tried in the present study to put forward and to discuss one of the main and multiple problems of judicial life, that is the investigation of the crime scene emphasizing the particularities of this activity in the case of penal offense involving firearms and explosive materials.
Both specialised studies and judicial practice have established that crime scene investigation supposes the respect of some requirements (tactical rules) which apply during the whole course of this activity, these requirements contributing to its good organization and progress according to the general principles of criminology tactics. From the carried out investigation and from the study of a significant number of files as well as from interviews with various specialists we concluded that, in the case of crimes involving firearms or explosive materials, the following tactical rules have to be respected:
The present study constitutes fundamental material for the work of the police and prosecutors who deal with the resolution of penal cases with regard to crimes involving firearms or explosive materials. Some of the conclusions of this study were presented during conferences organized by the A. I. Cuza Academy Police, Bucharest, as well as by the Romanian Criminologists Association. Likewise, part of this material has been used in the educational process under the form of a course taught at the Faculty of Law of A. I. Cuza Academy Police, Bucharest, and it has also been used in a series of previously published scientific articles.
Under consideration  :