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Neutralitatea – parte componentă a sistemului de securitate colectivă

Author: Olga Dorul
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.10 - International Public Law
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Burian
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of History of the ASM
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 19 April, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 19 June, 2008


Adobe PDF document0.37 Mb / in romanian


CZU 341.214 (043.3)

Adobe PDF document 0.99 Mb / in romanian
167 pages


Neutrality, occasional neutrality, permanent neutrality, avowed neutrality, assured neutrality, unilateral neutrality, conventional neutrality, international security, collective security, neutrality status, universal collective security system, regional collective security system, peacekeeping operations, defensive alliances, offensive alliances, neutrality concept, legitimate self-defence, international sanctions.


The main objective of this thesis is the conciliation of two opposed concepts on theoretical ground: permanent neutrality and collective security. This is due, partially to the fact that this relation was given little attention in the speciality literature, while in practice, the topic was interpreted differently, based on the political context. The hypothesis that neutrality is irreconcilable with sanction operations was not subject of sufficient empirical testing. This necessity for further analyses of the topic indicates the potential usefulness of this study, which operates with pure juridical and conceptual terms, and analyses neutrality in the framework of the current sanction operations in view of determination of their compatibility.

The object of this study is of a specific actuality, and implies a major theoretical-practical interest. This is due to the fact that nowdays, there is no other theme, as controversial, subject to conflicting interpretations and treatments, as the neutrality status.

The actuality of this study is due to the fact that in the last period, we are witnessing some dramatic changes and processes that to some extent jeopardize international security, namely multiplication of armed conflicts, environmental issues, terrorism etc. A reply to this threatening is possible only through international cooperation. And the status of permanent neutrality offers us the specific means of maintaining the international security.

For the Republic of Moldova the topic is of a specific actuality, given the fact of frequent statements, in written press and scientific articles, regarding the declarative and formal nature of the neutrality status, proclaimed in 1994. Following this direction, the last chapter of this study, contains an in-depth analysis of the permanent neutrality status through its historical evolution, while considering the relevant experience of other states.