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The physiological-hygienic evaluation concerning the training conditions of sportsmen in sportive buildings of closed type


Author: Cebanu Sergiu
Degree:doctor of medicine
Speciality: 14.00.07 - Hygiene
Year:2009
Scientific adviser: Grigore Friptuleac
doctor habilitat, professor, State University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Nicolae Testemitanu"
Institution:
Scientific council:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 17 September, 2008
Approved by NCAA on the 22 January, 2009

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.36 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

sporting buil.dings, sportsmen, training conditions, physiological indexes, general morbidity, traumatism, correlations, adaptations, prophylactic measure

Summary

It was performed a complex and systemic investigation of sportsmens’ state of health in relation with training conditions. The investigations were made in 5 sporting rooms: free wrestling, Greco–Roman wrestling, weightlifting, judo and box. Practicing wrestling (free wrestling, Greco–Roman wrestling, judo), weightlifting and box produce changes in all organism systems. Functional changes concerning circulatory system, central nervous system, neuromuscular and respiratory system correspond to made physical efforts and the type of practiced sports.

Concluding the state of health of the sportsmen according to the results of medical examination was pointed out a high incidence of morbidity, especially the cases of circulatory system’s diseases, stomatological diseases as well as urinary diseases. During the 1999-2005 years the average of sportsmens’ morbidity considering addressability formed 230, 1±44, 72 cases for 1 000 sportsmen.

Hierarchy of morbidity upon classes stated the biggest rate of respiratory system diseases, traumatic injuries and skin diseases. Concerning the traumatic injuries more frequently there were established superficial trauma lesions, sprains, dislocation, ligament stretching and fractures.

At the same time there was determined the presence of a bad microclimate conditions in which the training lessons were conducted and evaluated in cold and hot weather, as well as in various seasons as autumn, winter and spring.

The available overtaking level of noise was recorded in weightlifting and judo sport rooms; the artificial lighting in 100% cases does not correspond to the recommended standards. In the air of the training rooms there were found high concentrations of carbon dioxide, dust, an increased number of NTG 370C/m3, staphylococci and streptococci, on the sporting inventory and surfaces -the presence of an increased number of microorganisms.

It was stated that in the sporting buildings of closed type exist a series of risk factors which may cause unfavorable changes of body functional state and morbid manifestations at sportsmen. There were revealed direct correlations between risk factors and physiological modifications of sportsmen. There was as well determined their adaptations degree to training conditions. In order to reduce the unfavorable consequences there were worked out a succession of preventive measures.