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Piano miniatures in the creation of the composers from the Republic of Moldova (the post-war period)


Author: Roman Ruslana
Degree:doctor of history and Theory of Arts, Cultorology
Speciality: 17.00.01 - Audio-visual Arts (with specification: Theatrical Art; Musical Art; Cinematography, TV and other form of Audio-Visual Arts)
Year:2009
Scientific adviser: Vladimir (decedat) Axionov
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Cultures Patrimony of the ASM
Institution:
Scientific council:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 30 April, 2009
Approved by NCAA on the 18 June, 2009

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.32 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 786.2.03(478)

Adobe PDF document 1.42 Mb / in romanian
153 pages


Keywords

Accompaniment, accord, Anacrusis, Arrangement, Harmony, Cycles of miniatures, Counterpoint, Rhythmic figure, Episode, Evolution, Texture, Melodic figuration, Folklore, Musical form, Tree-part form, Musical language, Variable measure, Folk melody, Means of expressiveness, Miniature, Separate miniatures, Mode, Dynamics, Ostinato, Pedal, Prelude, Register, Syncope, Style, Tempo, Timbre, Tonality, Triad

Summary

The piano miniature has been established firmly in the world musical practice during the last centuries and it occupies a stable place in the modern system of musical genres. Such great composers as W. A. Mozart, L. van Beethoven, F. Schubert, F. Chopin, F. Liszt, J. Brahms, C. Debussy, S. Prokophiev etc. were interested in piano miniature.

However, the piano miniature was investigated insufficiently by musicologist, especially the miniature of the XX century. This means that some scientists consider the miniature a secondary genre. But the miniature is worth more attention, because it is able to react operatively to the aesthetic style tendencies of the time, being an original creative laboratory of the composer. The analysis of the piano miniatures, that were created in the certain historical period within the certain national culture, enables to understand the authors’ creation deeply as well as the general tendencies of art-musical development.

The purpose of the present work is to fill in the blank in musicological studying of the piano miniature, which is important within the system of genres of compositions in Moldova of the second half of the XX century. The task of the dissertation is to research the historical and theoretical aspects of the genre. The historical division into periods is suggested and the basic stages of evolution are characterized here. Also the importance of post-war period is determined as well as the classification of the piano miniature is performed.

About one hundred miniatures written by composers from Moldova after 1945 are analyzed in this dissertation. The differentiation of separately taken pieces and cycles, collections of miniatures is made. The specific features of the musical language, its formation, methods of rendering, characteristic for each stages of historical evolution of this genre in Moldova of the second half of the XX century are revealed.