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Myth and Fiction in Literary Work. Ambivalence of Artistic Fiction

Author: Gîrlea Olesea
Degree:doctor of philology
Speciality: 10.01.08 - Literature Theory
Scientific adviser: Anatol Gavrilov
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Philology
Institution: Institute of Philology


The thesis was presented on the 9 December, 2011
Approved by NCAA on the 16 February, 2012


Adobe PDF document0.36 Mb / in romanian


artistic image, fiction, interpretation strategies, religious fantasy, art fantasy, censorship, primary myth, literary myth


The structure of the thesis: introduction, 3 chapters, general conclusion and recommendations, a 133 title bibliography, a total of 160 pages. The results obtained are reflected in 14 scientific studies and critical articles.

Goal and and objectives of research: approaching the concepts of religious fantasy and art fantasy. Presenting a synoptic picture of the myth evolution in different areas: religion, history, politics, psychology, linguistics, literature, anthropology. Distinction of specific features of primary myth and literary myth. Analysis of myth interpretative strategies in the works of given authors.

Scientific novelty and originality: results in an analysis of myth in relation to fiction both tackled in their artistic and religious dimensions. On the basis of a historical-literary approach we proved how a real prototype (dr. Faust) can turn into fictional character, this process may be associated with the turning of ethno-religious myth in literary imaginary. The originality of the work lies in presentation of Indian myths in Vasile Vasilache’s works, analysis and interpretation of the personal myth of the tear in Gr. Vieru’s works, of mythic structures in A. Ţurcanu’s poetry as well as a religious and literary conflict caused by publication of some novels in which variations of Christian myths are presented.

Important scientific problem solved in this area: the result of the research has an important theoretical value and it is useful for understanding the distinction between artistic and religious images, between the primary myth and the literary myth. A critical interpretation of myths in literary Bessarabian works performed in this study is essential for theoretical and practical direction. Theoretical significance value of the work: results in a description of similarities and differences between religious and artistic imagination, through such criteria as: attitude of the author and reader toward the represented world, temporal location of the author, the reader and the character.

Applied value of the work lies in the investigation perspectives literary theory which result in the study of the myth evolution from its initial connotation (faith, religion) to the wide range of contemporary semantic extensions which open new interpretative directions.

Implementation of scientific results: the research results are of theoretical and practical importance and can be applied to teaching university courses of literary theory, mythology, literature, contemporary German literature and mythology, comparative literature and the development of Bachelor and Master theses.