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CNAA / Theses / 2005 / May /

The Participation of the Romanians in the ranks of the Russian Army in the 18th – the first 50 years of the 19th centuries

Author: Anatol Leşcu
Degree:doctor of history
Speciality: 07.00.02 - History of Romanians (with specification of time period)
Scientific adviser: Alexei Agachi
doctor habilitat, Institute of History of the ASM
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 20 May, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 27 October, 2005


Adobe PDF document0.46 Mb / in romanian


military operations, army, arnauts, attack, battalion, artillery battery, battle, bastion, cantonaments, carabine, light horse, Cossack, colonel, settlemen, campaign, connterattack, cuirasier, direction, disposition, dragon, escadron, expantion, Europa, flank, mass barrage, husar, enemy, lieutenant, lieutenant colonel, major, military, destruction, assault, officer, order, pandur, emplacement, war, reconnaissance, regiment, retreat, fortification, strategy, flag, trench, the theatre of war, gun, ulan, military unit, volunteer.


The thesis “The Participation of the Romanians in the ranks of the Russian Army in the 18th – the first 50 years of the 19th centuries” is dedicated to the research into a whole series of important but still little investigated problems of the History of Moldova, namely: to the participation of the Romanians in the ranks of the Russian Imperial Army and their contribution to the development of the Russian and European art of war.

The present work contains an interesting material dedicated to the participation of the Romanians both in the formation of the first regular hussar regiments in Russia and the regular Russian cavalery as a whole. The research traces the History of creation of the National Romanian regiments in the ranks of the Russian Army and their participation in the wars that Russia waged during the period in question.

At the same time the problem of the formation of the Nation Military Units is considered against a wide background of the demographic process that took place in the North steppes of the Black Sea coastline in the given period. The Romanian colonists, arriving there from Moldova, Muntenia, Transilvania and Banat had already numbered 244 100 people by the middle of the 19th century, having become the third biggest nation in the South of Russia after the Ukrainans and Russians and having made a considerable contribution to the development of the productive forces of the region. At the same time, the mass emigration of the most able-bodied part of the population of the Romanian Principalities impacted negatively to the demographic situation in the Principalities themselves.

The present work thoroghly investigates the problem of the participation of the Romanian volunteer detachments belonging to the Russian regular army in the Russian – Turkish wars. The active participation of the local population in these detachments was conditioned by a number of economic, political, moral and personal causes.

However, various socio – economic privileges granted to the Romanian volunteers and as a resalt leading to the shark improvement of their financial situation played a decisive role in their drawing into the ranks of the Russian Army.

At the same time the thought about the tragic fate of these people who were forced to leave their country for different reasons and sheded their own blood fot the expansion and consolidation of the Russian empire is the key – note of the work.