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Political power in present-day Romania and certain discretionary trends in its exercise


Author: Alexandru Amititeloaie
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Year:2005
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Roşca
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute of Legal and Political Research, Academy of Sciences of Moldova
Institution:
Scientific council:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 30 November, 2004
Approved by NCAA on the 21 April, 2005

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.39 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 321.01

Adobe PDF document 1.60 Mb / in romanian
149 pages


Keywords

political power, state of law, report of power, the limitation of the power, social control on power, public interest, political responsibility, abuse of power, civic spirit, civic society, political opposition, public opinion, dived between state power, political mandate, political program

Summary

This paper deals with the examination of the general characteristics of the power in present-day Romania, with the pointing out of certain discretionary aspects in the exercise of authority public actions, as well as with the identification of the best ways and means to stop such expressions. These very goals determined the structure of my thesis, made of 3 chapters and 11 paragraphs.

Romania is in its fifteenth year after the events of 1989, events which marked a new beginning of democratic political life, considering the fact that for more than fifty years before that moment, the country had been governed by several dictatorships. The Romanian society has lately undergone a wide variety of processes, of which the most complex concerns the democratization of public life and the formation of institutions of a law-based state.

However, as our historical experience proves it, a phenomenon which is specific to any power is often constituted by the excess and discretionary manner of the concrete exercise of the governing act. Such a phenomenon is also present in the conduct of the present-day Romanian power structures which are still in the process of being formed and consolidated. The arbitrary behavior of certain power representatives and their attempts at managing public businesses mostly to their own interest, are, together of others, the essential causes of our country's decline in all these years and of the feeling of mistrust of our population in the democratic values.

This state of affairs would be mostly the responsibility of the political forces which have governed the country during all these years, but we must keep in mind that such a government manner is also possible due to certain weaknesses of the structure of the civil society, as well as to a precarious civic spirit of the electorate.

A democracy and a law-based state relies, at the level of the social ensemble, on a balance of forces, which has at its very core the political power and civil society. Should either of them give signs of weakness, the other will inevitably become excessive and discretionary. This is easily noticeable in the evolution of the power ratios in the post-December 1989 Romania. The discouragement of this discretionary manner of managing public businesses may therefore be achieved through a diversity of actions and measures, but the most important factor, in this respect, is the civil society. This study focuses exactly on such an analytical process.