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Anti-trafficking policy: case study of the Republic of Moldova and the European Union

Author: Alistratova Oxana
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Scientific adviser: Valeriu Moşneaga
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 24 June, 2021 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.


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CZU 343.43(478)+341.23:061.1EU(043.3)=161.1

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195 pages


Anti-trafficking policy: case study of the Republic of Moldova and the European Union Thesis for the doctorate degree in Political Sciences, Chisinau, 2021 The structure of the dissertation: The work consists of an introduction, three chapters, conclusions and recommendations; a bibliography comprising 271 sources; an appendix; 154 pages of main text, 6 tables, and 22 diagrams. Keywords: human trafficking, trafficking victim, anti-trafficking policy, state institutions, public institutions, international organizations, the National Referral System, public opinion. The purpose of the study: a comprehensive analysis of the anti-trafficking policy on the example of the Republic of Moldova and the European Union. Research objectives: analysis of the historiographic, theoretical and methodological foundations of the study of anti-trafficking policy; study of the strategy main directions, institutional mechanisms of the European Union policy in combating human trafficking; generalization of the experience of interaction between state and public institutions of the Republic of Moldova and international organizations in the implementation of the anti-trafficking policy; analysis of public opinion of the Republic of Moldova as an instrument of anti-trafficking policy; elaboration of recommendations to state and public institutions, international organizations in the field of preventing and combating human trafficking. Scientific novelty and originality of the work: the current state of human trafficking in the Republic of Moldova and European Union is concretized, trends in the development of this phenomenon are identified; a comprehensive and coordinated anti-trafficking policy is based on the “4 Ps” concept is substantiated; of the necessity of strategic partnership of state bodies, public institutions of the Republic of Moldova, international organizations, intersectoral coordination of the actions of all participants in an effective anti-trafficking policy is demonstrated. Resolved scientific problem: the solved scientific problem lies in the development of a conceptual framework for the study of the current situation in the field of human trafficking and the policy of countering it in the Republic of Moldova, which contributed to the development of practical recommendations for the implementation of an effective policy of combating human trafficking in the Republic of Moldova, with a view to their subsequent use by state and public institutions , international organizations involved in the implementation of this policy, taking into account the experience of the European Union. Theoretical value: the author’s assessment of the state of human trafficking and the policy of countering the trafficking of living creatures in the Republic of Moldova and the EU. Applied value: the use of practical recommendations on improving the state policy of the Republic of Moldova in the field of combating human trafficking in the context of European Union policies; during trainings and seminars on the education and professional development of specialists involved in the provision of assistance to and protection of victims of human trafficking; in teaching training courses on migration issues. Implementation of research results. The results of this study are reflected in 9 scientific articles published in specialized journals and collections of articles, issued in the Republic of Moldova and abroad, with a total volume of 4,8 printer’s sheets; presented at 5 national and international scientific conferences.