StatusThe thesis was presented on the 15 June, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 22 September, 2005
Abstract– 0.34 Mb / in romanian
The goal of the present research is to investigate the impact of globalization on the democratic processes from the Republic of Moldova through the role of global, transnational and regional actors on the domestic affairs and policies unfolded in the process of consolidating national statehood. This thesis researches the ways of interaction between global and domestic processes and theirs impact on the development of democratic mechanisms and institutions within the society.
In the first chapter the author made a theoretic and methodological analysis of the democratization and of its connections with globalization in the related bibliography. Starting from the point that achievements of democratic values by the states has become the most important condition for their recognition and integration in international system, from the end of XX century the democratization has been interpreted as a global, objective, contradictory and unhomegeneous phenomena, essential for international cooperation and regulation of other global problems. The emergence of various concepts in the investigation of democratic and globalization processes is linked to the contradictory coexistence of such factors as: national identity, underdevelopment, social polarization, international impact and geopolitical interests of the regional and global actors.
In the second chapter, the author has been investigated such factors as: the level of development of civil society, social trust, social inequality and others indicators of social capital. On this bases there has been evaluated the low degree of civic and political participation of citizens as a consequence of state incapacity to fight against social-economic and political vices of the society in the context of democratization and the pressures of globalization on the Republic of Moldova.
In the last chapter have been analyzed the practical ways of interaction of domestic and foreign factors during the process of democratic transition of the Republic of Moldova. Among them, we conclude that the globalization play both a positive and a negative influence on the Moldova democratization. The negative impact is determined by the controversial international and regional interests of some hegemonic power in our area for a long period of time.
Starting with “the
third wave of democratisation”, the role of Russian regional hegemonic interest is being contrabalanced
by what was called the democratic zeitgeist of global affairs. These factors are being
investigated through the role of diffusion effect, which the process of European integration have
played in Eastern and South-Eastern Europe on the democratic stability of the Republic of Moldova.