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Elita politică din Republica Moldova: aspecte ale formării şi dezvoltării


Author: Ana Margarint
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Year:2005
Scientific adviser: Vasile Cujbă
doctor, associate professor (docent), Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University
Scientific council: DH 30-23.00.01
Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 31 January, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 23 June, 2005

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.30 Mb / in romanian

Keywords

political elite, the power elite, political class, ruling elite, ruling class, business elite, cultural elite, economic elite, technocracy, nomenclature, change, transformation, pact, transaction, dissension, convergence, recruit system, access parameter, permeability, circulation, vertical and horizontal mobility, state, transition, ideology, corruption, clientele, elections, electorate, selectorate, stagnation

Summary

The target of this research is the appearance, formation, development and recruitment of the new political elite as a significant aspect of the process of transformation of the political regime of Moldova and establishment of the democratic state, its evolution and subsequent functioning.

The first chapter covers a general review of different theories on the role of the elite in the functioning of the state. We tried to create a most clear and convincing image of each of the examined theories. A special attention had been paid to fundamental differences, bringing at the same time together the varieties of terminology and contradictions related to the notion of the political elite and formulating our own definition thereof.

The second chapter deals with the analysis of the influence of the sequence of generations on the political concepts of the leading groups making it possible to define the political elite in the context of the evolution of the Moldovan political life during the post-totalitarian regime, as well as the two characteristics: resistance to change and renewal. There is suggested a periodization of transformation of the nomenclature elite into the democratic one and the specific features of the new elite are analyzed.

The third chapter analyzes the permeability and the system of recruitment of the current political elite. Based on the empiric research there is determined the horizontal and vertical mobility of the political elite highlighting the increased internal circulation and the non-recruitment of new people for policy. We tried to detect who and when de facto leads Moldova and which is the share of the mass and the political elite in the vital decision-making process. Besides, the interaction between the economic, political and cultural elite had been studied.

Being the catalyst of all the political processes the elite implies reflections on several aspects of the social life related to the principle of the social inequality in the processes of organization and management of the society. The elite is a limited group opposed to the mass that holds the strings of power, adopts or influences the adoption / non-adoption of the political decision.

There is no society with any political elite. Moldova is not an exception. The specific features of the elite approach to the state, as well as the focus on the technical character of its functioning prove the skepticism in the democratic organization of the state, thus, the elite becoming central in the society organization.