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The Influence of Politics on the Social Stratification in the Condition of Democratic Transition

Author: Silviu Tăbîrţă
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Scientific adviser: Pantelimon Varzari
doctor habilitat, professor,
Scientific council:


The thesis was presented on the 15 December, 2005
Approved by NCAA on the 23 February, 2006


Adobe PDF document0.10 Mb / in romanian


politics, democratic transition, social stratification, political institution, state, political party, social interests, social policies, elite, governance, reforms, privatization, regulation, social sphere, social strata, social class, superior class, middle class, inferior class, social status, stratification criterions, social differentiation, inequality, marginalization


The goal of this work is to analyse the little studied problem of the influence of politics on the social stratification in transitional society conditions. The research was carried out on the basis of the interdisciplinary approach. The research topic was not a special research object until now that represents the innovator feature of this research.

In the first chapter of the dissertation the theoretical and methodological bases of politics and social stratification are analysed. The following interpretations of the politics were formed in the literature: communicative, functional, teleological, directive. Social stratification is explained through functional, conflict, and multidimensional theories.

The second part of the work is dedicated to the analysis of the political institution influence on social stratification. The author is researching the role of the state in the evolution and regulation on social stratification. State institutions were not able to elaborate a viable strategy of socioeconomic reform aimed to strengthen the social protection of the all citizens. The state wasn’t able to prevent the social costs of the democratic transition period. As well, political parties’ activity dealing with the expression of social interests of the social strata is studied. The interests of the social stratas are stated in their activity programs but are hardly carried out.

In the third part of the work the author analyses the influence of transition on the social stratification process and middle class development in the transitional society. Democratic transition provokes multiple changes of the social stratification, caused especially by power institutions transformation and property transformation. The socio-economic situation of the post communist societies affects the middle class development. At present middle class doesn’t represent an influent social force not by its quantity, nor by its economic importance.