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Establishment of the political democratic regime in the Republic of Moldova: achievements, problems, perspectives


Author: Ion Duminica
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.01 - Theory, Methodology and History of Political Sciences; Political Institutions and Processes
Year:2006
Scientific adviser: Alexandru Roşca
doctor habilitat, professor, Institute for Legal Research and Policy ASM
Institution:
Scientific council:

Status

The thesis was presented on the 16 February, 2006
Approved by NCAA on the 28 September, 2006

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.31 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 321.7(478)(043.3)

Adobe PDF document 1.11 Mb / in romanian
179 pages


Keywords

democracy, political regime, democratically regime, totalitarian regime, form of governance, republic, civil society, state, political system, political party, political plurality, political culture, political power, pluripartidisme, independence, sovereignty, check and balance

Summary

Practice proves transition is an inevitable and objective process for all ex-Soviet countries. However, in each country the transition as a complicated historical phenomenon with many political, social, economic and moral contradictions, is accomplished by virtue of general rules of development of the human society. In the same time, the political process of setting up democratic regimes has its specific features, both positive and negatives. It is typical for the Republic of Moldova the change of priorities during the process of setting up the political democratic regime, however the strategic policies and instruments applied here failed to bring the positive results achieved in other ex-Soviet countries.

In order to identify the appropriate answers to the various challenges of the modern models of democratic government, we need to start from the premise that democracy’s imperfections, from one or another stage of democracy, can be solved within democracy only, by means of its norms and values, it’s typically applied mechanisms. Democracy should not be seen as an absolute model of governing, as a regime able to automatically solve all economic and social contradictions and discrepancies in the society, but as a regime bound by some well-determined conditions, which includes all necessary resources for overcoming it’s blemishes and for bringing it to perfection. Being grounded on a great fund of historical data and estimating the comparative analysis, this paper equally emphasizes the limits and the contradictions of the Moldovan model of democratic government. Lately, we have notices and registered a diversity of processes in the Moldovan society, among which the most important and most complex regards the democratization of the political life and founding the institutions of the lawful state. Namely these objectives have established the structure of the thesis, which is composed of 3 chapters and 9 paragrap