StatusThe thesis was presented on the 5 May, 2006
Approved by NCAA on the 28 September, 2006
Abstract– 0.33 Mb / in romanian
ThesisCZU 94(498.7) „1918/1940”
1.24 Mb /
This work is dedicated to the study of an important period in Romanian history, which in this setting and this chronological framing hasn’t yet been reflected in historical science. The use of many archival sources, most of which have their first application to the problem in a scientifically historically way, of information from periodicals, and of published documents and sources allowed the author to come to the following conclusions.
Until 1918 the Tsarist government subjected Bessarabia to some attempts at alienation and russification, which slowed down cultural progress very much. Although representatives of the native intelligentsia made some efforts to develop and maintain the national spirit, the Russian Tsarist policy insisted on the repression of any nationalistic manifestations and on the maintenance of the ruralisation of the native population. Because of impediments of a different kind, at this moment of involvement in the new Romanian State, Bessarabia had a modest cultural patrimony, and the process of development of national culture faced many difficulties.
The Great Unification created beneficial conditions for historical and cultural integration of Bessarabia into Romanian phenomena, for joining the wave of ideas and creation of national spirit. It was during the inter-war period that great success was achieved in the field of education, science and arts. The Romanian government promoted a cultural policy designed to animate the national life in the unified provinces, which fostered the renaissance of their national spirit. The major directions of this policy were the cultural synchronization of the provinces, the education of national consciousness, the directing of art towards it’s origins, the stimulation of artistic activities by increasing the appreciation of folk culture and its systematic study, and the foundation and financial support of cultural institutions.
The deliberately liberal politics of the Romanian state established the basis for artistic education, for the development of the creative fields and for the propaganda of national patrimony. It was in this period that the first Conservatories, the National Theatre and other institutions were founded. Famous masters of the artistic life were created and remained active in them. The strategy of state politics aimed at a broadening of spheres of circulation of the artistic values and their creators. The societies, the cultural clubs and other institutions of culturalisation contributed to this process. The concern for the foundation of cultural events had always been active, which meant they were extremely useful for national propaganda. They imposed themselves due to their capability of finding ways of reaching the population by organizing mass activities that involved both the citizens from cities and those from rural regions.
Under consideration  :