StatusThe thesis was presented on the 6 July, 2006
Approved by NCAA on the 28 September, 2006
Abstract– 0.36 Mb / in romanian
1.05 Mb /
The results of the study, involving 113 patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis showed a high frequency of the following risk factors: early menopause (22,1%), and late menarche (42,4%). A long lactation period was stated in 42,4%. Food calcium deficiency was appreciated in 67,3%, gastrointestinal chronic diseases – in 17,7%. Trying to appreciate the levels of the relation between clinical features, risk factors and instrumental data (X-ray spondilography and bone densitometry), it was shown a high level of classification capacity (92,3%) between the II-III grades of radiological changes in the spine and the following clinical features (for the I grade of radiological changes the level of classification capacity was 85,4%): the pain syndrome located in the thoracic column, gastrointestinal chronic diseases, bone pain in the limbs, personal history of radius fractures, history of a maternal hip fracture. The concordance of the same group of factors with osteoporosis (-2,5 SD and below, T score) was 87,5%, and for osteopenia (T score between -1SD and -2,5 SD) – 74%.
To appreciate the treatment efficacy, patients were randomized: group 1 (n=37) received alendronate sodium 10 mg and calcium carbonate 1500 mg+Vit. D3 400 IU daily; group 2 (n=76) received calcium carbonate 1500 mg+Vit. D3 400 IU daily. Both groups received the treatment for 6 months. A positive clinical evolution was appreciated in group 1 comparing to group 2 (p<0,05). As well, the quality of life was improved in the 1st group statistically better comparing to group 2.
All of the bone formation and resorption markers were reduced after treatment in group 1 (p<0,05): bone specific alkaline phosphatase, tartrate resistant acid phosphatase and osteocalcine; in group 2 the reduction of bone formation and resorbtion markers was less significant, the level of tartrate resistant acid phosphatase increased.
The bone mineral density (BMD) increased in group 1 from -3,33±0,24 SD (T score) to -3,1±0,25SD; in group 2 BMD was static on the line -3,34±0,17 SD – before treatment and -3,4±0,18 SD – after the treatment.