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Criminological Aspects of Reduction of White-Collar Criminality in Moldova and Israel: Criminal Behavior Approach


Author: RUB Jacob
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.08 - Criminal Law (with specification: Criminal Law, Criminology, Criminal Procedure Law, Criminalistics, Judicial Expertise, Executional Law; Theory of The Operative - Investigation Activity)
Year:2017
Scientific adviser: Lilia Gîrla
doctor, associate professor (docent), Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 11 November, 2017 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.52 Mb / in english
Adobe PDF document0.52 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 343.97(478 + 569.4)(043)

Adobe PDF document 3.57 Mb / in english
317 pages


Keywords

white-collar criminality; white-collar crime; white-collar offender; corporate crime; fraud; intuitive decision; Irrational choice theory; Rational choice theory; psychology of fraud; perso¬nality coefficient; personality of white-collar offender; risk-taking; risk-averting

Summary

Structure of the thesis: Introduction; 4 chapters; general conclusions and recommendations; biblio-graphy of 400 titles; 170 text pages. The obtained results are published in the 13 scientific papers.

The domain of study: of the present research is appraisal and explanation of the offender’s personality and his decision-making process by means of an economical Irrational Choice Theory uti¬lity as a new method of white-collar crimes’ reducing Criminology.

The purpose of Ph.D. consists in reconsideration of the white-collar criminality phenomenon reducing approach, by means of an economic theory able to explain and to appraise the personality of the white-collar offender and his decision-making process, as well as in reconceptualization of a method for forecasting on the stage of the hiring process of a potential offender by means of pre-employment tests as an integral part of the process of prevention and counteracting of the white-collar criminality phenomenon in the Penal Politics of the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel.

The objectives: to demonstrate the relevance of the Irrational Choice Theory in the explanation of white-collar criminality by means of identifying the intensity of intuitive decision’ influence and personal characteristics of an offender over the perpetration of white-collar crime, as the basic explanatory theory of the criminal misbehavior; to carry out wide-scale statistical researches, sociological and psychological interviews in the scientific domain of white-collar criminality research in order to ensure the empirical part of the research etc.

The scientific novelty of research and originality of the obtained results. The present scientific research constitutes one of the first systematic studies in the field of criminological science of the Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel, which is dedicated to the most disputable questions of white-collar criminality reduction by means of implementation of the newest concept of Irrational Choice Theory as the most relevant dogmatic approach in prediction and explanation of white-collar offender’s behavior.

The main scientific problem solved consists in demonstration of the Irrational Choice Theory uti-lity in the mainstream criminology that is considered to be the fundamental one in explanation of the cri¬mi-nal misbehavior of the white-collar offender, which has induced to the creation of an innovative algorithm of pre-employment tests based on revealing of the causal relationship between specific perso¬nality traits and predisposition to risk of white-collar crime in future, in order to be used as a valid and authentic method of white-collar criminality prognosis and reduction.

The theoretical importance and practical value of the research is expressed in: systematization of the scientific approaches concerning the phenomenon of white-collar criminality; accretion of a consistent theoretical and empirical basis in order to construct and to develop an innovative criminological approach in the domain of prevention and counteracting of the white-collar criminality phenomenon; elucidation of the newest perspectives of the criminological science evolution in the sphere of prevention of white-collar criminality etc.

The implementation of the scientific results refers to the elaboration of the scientific publications as a guideline for the professors, students, master degree and doctorate students; contribution to the im¬pro-vement of the syllabus and curriculum in the matter of criminology concerning the research of white-collar criminality phenomenon. The scientific results are already applied in some private organizations from Israel (See: Letter of Nisko Ardan Group Recommendation Implementing Research Findings Suc¬cess¬fully by Itzhak Nitzan) and will be transferred to the Israeli Government for the further implementation.

Summary


1. SCIENTIFIC BACKGROUND IN THE RESEARCH FIELD OF WHITE-COLLAR CRIMINALITY REDUCTION
  • 1.1. Scientific background in the research field of white-collar criminality reduction in the Israeli and foreign literature
  • 1.2. Scientific background in the research field of white-collar criminality reduction in the Republic of Moldova
  • 1.3. Conclusions to the Chapter I

2. THE PHENOMENON OF WHITE-COLLAR CRIMINALITY IN MOLDOVA AND ISRAEL
  • 2.1. The Concept of White-collar crime
  • 2.2. The Portrait of the White-Collar Offender and his Criminal Motivation
  • 2.3. The phenomenon of white-collar criminality structure, dynamics and state: empirical findings for Moldova and Israel
  • 2.4. Conclusions to the Chapter 2

3. IRRATIONAL THEORY IN EXPLANATION AND REDUCING OF WHITE-COLLAR CRIMINALITY IN MOLDOVA AND ISRAEL
  • 3.1. Weight of Irrational Theory in demonstration of white-collar offenders’ criminal thinking: theoretical explanation for Moldova and Israel
  • 3.2. Validity of Irrational Theory in demonstration of white-collar offenders’criminal thinking: empirical findings for Moldova and Israel
  • 3.3. Conclusions to the Chapter 3

4. REDUCING THE PHENOMENON OF WHITE-COLLAR CRIMINALITY IN MOLDOVA AND ISRAEL
  • 4.1. Reducing the phenomenon of white-collar criminality by means of Pentagram Model (C.R.I.M.E.) for the Penal Politics of the
  • Republic of Moldova and the State of Israel
  • 4.2. Reducing the phenomenon white-collar criminality by means of pre-employment testing in the Penal Politics in Moldova and Israel: theoretical explanation and empirical findings
  • 4.3. Conclusions to the Chapter 4