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CNAA / Theses / 2018 / July /

Modal interactions in political discourse

Author: Ciumacenco Valentina
Degree:doctor of
Speciality: 10.01.10 - Journalism and Communication Sciences
Scientific adviser: Victor Moraru
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University


The thesis was presented on the 3 July, 2018
Approved by NCAA on the 23 November, 2018


Adobe PDF document0.59 Mb / in romanian


CZU [659.3+659.4]:070(043)

Adobe PDF document 1.85 Mb / in romanian
214 pages


political discourse, communicative-pragamtic perspective, category of modality, modal interaction, configuration of attitude, inaugural address, election debate, semantics of ”possible worlds”, epistemic/deontic modality, discursive strategies


Field of studyrelates to philology, sciences of communication, political communication.

Goal and objectives. The main goal of the given research paper is to reveal the communicative-pragmatic aspect of the modal constructions used in political discourse, taking into account their interaction within the structure of utterances, including their manifestations in the political utterance and text.

The research novelty and originalityis determined by the fact that the problem concerning the dimensions of the category of modality in political discourse is less approached among international researchers. Asregards national research space, there is a scientific vacuum, in general, on this topic. In this context, the given Ph.D. thesis is the first vast research in the Republic of Moldova of modal constructions from discursive perspective and the effects that are produced as a result of their usage. It is the first research paper conducted at national level that puts special emphasis on a paradigm that has a significant impact on image-building of political candidates by taking into account their verbal representations, as well as on the perceiving of political discourse by the audience. The thesis highlights also some aspects related to the tendencies and the perspectives of the political discourses in an information society in the process of democratization as in the case of the Republic of Moldova.

The solved important scientific problem lies in revealing the importance of using modal constructions in a particular key, that of certainty, possibility, impossibility, necessity, contingency etc., that contributes to the textual organization, becoming one of the most appropriate tools used in political discourse to render the politician’s attitude and vision with the aim of influencing and persuading the targeted public.

Theoretical significance. The research carried out shows the value aspect of the conceptual framework, resulting in new scientific results, the views on the effectiveness of the political discourse, and the perspectives of the subsequent scientific contributions. The thesis is a modern and updated source for the well-known public in universities, doctoral schools, scientific research institutes in the field of philology, journalism, and communication sciences.

The applicative value of the paper. The research points to an increased role of the conceptual aspect which constitutes the basis for new scientific results and the value of the dissertation increased as it envisages concrete suggestions for teaching some university courses. Furthermore, the investigation outcomes reveal the peculiarities of some of representative genres of political discourse: inaugural addresses and TV election debates, that may be useful for the improvement of the communication competences of people involved in the political and public life of the country, by acquiring skills in using practical methods of effective communication in a modern society.

Implementation of scientific results. The scientific results were implemented through the publication of 19 articles and studies and contributions to national and international conferences