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Character Assassination as a Tool in International Politics (A Case Study of the United States - Russian Federation’s Relations)


Author: Smart Jason Jay
Degree:doctor of political Sciences
Speciality: 23.00.04 - Theory and History of International Relations and Global Development
Year:2019
Scientific adviser: Valentina Teosa
doctor habilitat, professor, Moldova State University
Institution: Moldova State University

Status

The thesis was presented on the 25 June, 2019 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

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Keywords

international relations, foreign policy, character assassination, political image, propaganda, international politics, strategy, political technology

Summary

Work structure: introduction, 3 chapters, conclusions and recommendations, the bibliography from 430 sources, 18 appendixes, 140 pages of the basic text. Thesis results have been stated in 10 scientific articles, published in academic national and international journals and editions.

Area of research: political science, theory of international relations, diplomacy studies.

The main aim of this work is to investigate the theoretical-conceptual bases of character attacks as tool in international politics, thereby evaluating the framework of character assassination in the context of relations between the United States of America and the Russian Federation. The research goal involved the following objectives: analysis of existing theoretical sources and fundamentals of character assassination study; defining of the study methodology; to establish specific of the Russian tradition of character assassination in internal and foreign policy; to evaluate the contrasts between U. S.A. national approaches to character assassination in politics of 20th-21st centuries; to define successes and failures of character assassination strategies in foreign policy of U. S. A. and Russian Federation; to characterize specific of character assassination as a tool in US State Strategies and Russian Federation Policies and resources of character assassination in mass media attacks.

The scientific novelty and originality exists in the author's conceptualization of character attacks as a tool in international relations and in realization of comparative analytical study of the U. S. A.’s and the Russian Federation’s utilization of character attacks as instruments against each country’s leadership. The important scientific problem tackled in the dissertation research is the adaption of the character assassination concept to the international politics sphere, via the evaluation of the degree to which each country uses character attacks against the other country’s leadership in the context of contemporary international relations based on the analysis of the U. S.-Russian Federation relationships during a defined period to demonstrate how character assassination as a political tool, being evolved on the transnational level, influences the relationship between the states.

The theoretical significance of the research derives from the theoretical and conceptual prezentation of the character attacks as a tool and strategy in international relations; promotion of understanding the nature and role of character attacks in international relations as an interdisciplinary academic field of study; determination of the specific of the tradition of character attacks in Russian internal and foreign policies; comparative evaluation the contrasts between U.S.A. national approaches to character assassination in politics of 20th-21st centuries; comparison of successes, failures and specific of character assassination strategies in foreign policy of U. S. A. and Russian Federation; and identification of mass media resources of character assassination as aggressive political tool in bilateral relations.

The practical significance of the study. Rezults, conclusions and recomandations of the research could serve as politological support for governmental and non-governmental decision makers to understand the nature, place and role of denigration as an instrument and strategy in international politics to assess the effects of applying this phenomenon in bilateral relations and to develop strategies, instruments appropriate to existing foreign policy threats of independent states, including the Republic of Moldova, at the contemporary stage.

Implementation of scientific results was realized through examination and approval at the Department of International Relations and Profile Seminar of Moldova State University, by presentation of reports and communications at 7 scientific conferences, within the participation of the author in the European Comission Project FP7 Marie Curie Acțiuni (IRSES), international consulting of political actors from Republic of Moldova, Ukraine, Russia, USA și alte state, as well as experience of Senior Researcher at the International Society for the Study of Character assassination (ISSCA, Fairfax, Virginia, U. S.A. at George Mason University).

Summary


1. HISTORIOGRAPHY AND THEORETICAL FUNDAMENTALS OF CHARACTER ASSASSINATION IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS
  • 1.1. Character Assassination in Political Science: A Historiographical Study
  • 1.2. Theoretical Fundamentals of Character Assassination Study in Political Science
  • 1.3. Conclusions to Chapter 1

2. CHARACTER ASSASSINATION IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS: EVOLUTION OF APPROACHES IN RUSSIAN AND AMERICAN HISTORY
  • 2.1. The Dissertation’s Methodology of Researching Character Assassination in International Politics
  • 2.2. The Russian Tradition of Character Assassination in Internal and Foreign Politics
  • 2.3. Contradictions within American Approaches to Character Assassination in Politics
  • 2.4. Conclusions to Chapter 2

3. CHARACTER ASSASSINATION STRATEGIES AND INSTRUMENTS IN CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL POLITICS
  • 3.1. Character Assassination in the Foreign Policy of the U. S. A. and the Russian Federation
  • 3.2. Character Assassination as a Tool in U. S. State Strategies and the Russian Federation’s Foreign Policy
  • 3.3. Resources of Character Assassination in Mass Media Attacks
  • 3.4. Conclusions to Chapter 3

GENERAL CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS