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Criminalistical investigation of human biological traces


Author: Sorin ADAM
Degree:doctor of law
Speciality: 12.00.08 - Criminal Law (with specification: Criminal Law, Criminology, Criminal Procedure Law, Criminalistics, Judicial Expertise, Executional Law; Theory of The Operative - Investigation Activity)
Year:2020
Scientific adviser: Gheorghe Golubenco
doctor, professor, Free International University of Moldova
Institution: Free International University of Moldova

Status

The thesis was presented on the 14 March, 2020 at the meeting of the Scientific Council and now it is under consideration of the National Council.

Abstract

Adobe PDF document0.47 Mb / in romanian

Thesis

CZU 343.98 (0.43.3)

Adobe PDF document 3.73 Mb / in romanian
215 pages


Keywords

biological traces, blood traces, crime scene investigation, criminal investigation body, forensic-specialist, investigation team

Summary

The structure of the thesis: Introduction, four chapters, general conclusions and recommendations, bibliography of 201 titles, 14 annexes, 173 pages of basic text. The results obtained are published in 6 scientific articles.

The thesis deals with the criminalistical technique, having as a purpose: the elaboration of recommendations regarding the improvement of processual, tactical and organizational aspects when using biological traces in crime investigation.

Objectives:to analyse the publications related to the topic, to follow the evolution of the crime scene concept and determine the role of biological traces in this concept, tasks, to classify the biological traces and systematize the methods and means of using them, to formulate the questions addressed to the forensic expert, to formulate recommendations in order to optimize all these aspects.

Scientific novelty and originality. The scientific novelty of the thesis is determined by the fact that it is one of the first monographic research on this topic in our country that served as support for the formulation of recommendations to improve the tactical, processual and organizational framework of investigating human biological traces, the algorithm of processing odorological traces, to evaluate the bio-criminalistical report. Its originality consists in the argumentation of applying the odorological method and the evidence of odor traces in the activity of investigation of the Forensic Service of the Republic of Moldova.

The theoretical importance consists in the development of the doctrine of applying the technicalcriminalistical methods and means of crime scene investigation, considering the recent technicalscientific achievements, the exigencies regarding the practice of fighting criminality.

The practical value consists in the enhancement of the quality and results of the crime scene investigation and optimization of the activity of revealing and investigating crimes in general.

The implementation of scientific results is attested as a theoretical- practical guide in the activity of the Criminalists’ Association of Romania, the Independent Centre of Judicial Expertise of Moldova, as well as in the form of scientific-didactical material with the purpose of making more efficient the educational process at the law faculties of the Free International University of Moldova and ,,1 Decembrie 1918’’ University from Alba Iulia, Romania